Léon Cogniet France
8-29-1794 Paris, FRA – 11-20-1880 Paris, FRABack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
His father was a painter and wallpaper designer. In 1812, Léon Cogniet enrolled at the École des Beaux-arts, where he studied with Pierre-Narcisse Guérin. He also worked in the studios of Jean-Victor Bertin. After failing an attempt to win the Prix de Rome in 1816, he won the following year with his depiction of "Helen Rescued by Castor and Pollux" and received a stipend to study at the French Academy in Rome until 1822. Before leaving, he had his first exhibition at the Salon.
In 1827, Léon Cogniet created a series of murals on the life of Saint Stephen for the church of Saint-Nicholas-des-Champs. He painted the Scène de Juillet 1830 or Les Drapeaux (Flags) covered with the blood of dead heroes for freedom, on the blue sky, hoisted on the towers of Notre-Dame de Paris which was presented at the Salon of 1831, next to Liberty guiding the people of Eugène Delacroix. From this date on, the two friends separated. From 1833 to 1835, he painted a scene from Napoleon's expedition to Egypt on one of the ceilings at the Louvre.
Between 1840 and 1860, he operated a popular painting workshop for women, directed by his sister Marie Amélie and one of his students, Catherine Caroline Thévenin, who later became his wife. After 1843, Léon Cogniet concentrated almost entirely on teaching, with an occasional portrait. After 1855, he essentially gave up painting.
After 1831, he taught design at the Lycée Louis-le-Grand. He also taught at the École polytechnique from 1847 to 1861. In 1851, he was appointed a Professor at the École des Beaux-arts, a position he held until 1863, when he retired, slowly giving up his private students and becoming more reclusive. Léon Cogniet is probably best remembered as a teacher, with over one hundred well-known students.
Art Movement: Romanticism
Influences: Pierre-Narcisse Guérin, Jean-Victor Bertin
Traveled: Italy, Egypt
Influenced: Rosa Bonheur, Edgar Degas, Léon Bonna, Alfred Boucher, Marie-Amélie Cogniet, Pierre Auguste Cot, Jean-Paul Laurens, Jules Lefebvre, Évariste-Vital Luminais, Jean-Louis-Ernest Meissonier