Pierre Narcisse Guérin Biography | Oil Painting Reproductions
5-13-1774 Paris, FRA – 7-6-1833 Rome, ITABack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
Pierre Narcisse Guérin was a pupil of Jean-Baptiste Regnault, he carried off one of the three Grand Prix offered in 1796. In 1799, his painting The Return of Marcus Sextus was exhibited at the Salon and excited wild enthusiasm. He received from the first Consul the Cross of the Legion of Honor in 1803.
Guérin on this occasion was publicly crowned by the president of the Institute and went to Rome to study under Joseph-Benoît Suvée. In 1800, unfit to remain in Rome because of his poor health, he went further south to Naples, where he painted The Shepherds In The Tomb Of Amyntas. That same year after his arrival back in Paris, Pierre Narcisse Guérin again achieved a great success with Andromaque and Pyrrhus, and in the same year also exhibited Aurora and Cephalus and Napoleon Pardoning The Rebels At Cairo. These paintings suited the popular taste of the First Empire, being melodramatic and dignified. In 1815 Louis XVIII named him the Académie des Beaux-Arts and his style changed to be in tune with popular taste.
Pierre Narcisse Guérin was appointed to paint for the Madeleine a scene from the history of St Louis, but his health kept him from fulfilling what he had started, and in 1822 he accepted the post of director of the French Academy in Rome, which he had once refused in 1816. On returning to Paris in 1828, Guérin now endeavored to finish Pyrrhus and Priam, a work which he had begun at Rome, but in vain as his health once again had deteriorated, and in the hope of improvement he returned to Italy with Horace Vernet. Many artists studied with Guérin, among them Eugène Delacroix, Théodore Géricault, Ary and Hendrik Scheffer.
Art Movement: Neoclassicism.
Artists Influencing Guérin: Jean-Baptiste Regnault, Joseph-Benoît Suvée.
He Traveled To Italy.
Painters Pierre Narcisse Guérin Influenced: Eugène Delacroix, Théodore Géricault, Ary and Hendrik Scheffer.
Artist's Biography compiled by Albert L. Mansour at The World's Artist, with text adapted from Wikipedia.