Xanthus Russell Smith Biography | Oil Paintings

2-26-1839 Philadelphia, PA USA - 12-2-1929 Glenside, Pennsylvania USA

Smith, Xanthus Russell

Xanthus Russell Smith was schooled at home by his artist parents and given drawing lessons by his mother. Between 1851 and 1852, at the age of twelve, he accompanied his parents and his younger sister Mary Russell Smith (who also became an artist) on the family's tour of England and France. After returning home, he studied chemistry at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School from 1856 until 1858, before enrolling at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. He went to the Royal Academy in London for a short time before returning to America to enroll in the United States Navy from 1862 to 1864 during the American Civil War.

Xanthus Russell Smith served from September 1862 until July 1863 as the captain’s clerk on the USS Wabash, the flagship of Rear Admiral Samuel Francis Du Pont. Throughout his tour of duty, Smith was continually making small watercolor sketches and drawings he would later use as the foundations for his trademark painstakingly detailed works such as A South Carolina Coast Scene and Hilton Head, Port Royal, South Carolina. His drawings soon came to the attention of Admiral Du Pont, who commissioned Smith to paint ships of the Union fleet.

Once his tour of duty was over, Xanthus Russell Smith returned to Philadelphia where he began to exhibit his paintings of Union vessels and the South Carolina coast, drawing critical acclaim in the local press. Between 1868 and 1876, Smith executed fifteen large-scale marine paintings depicting the civil war’s major naval battles, including his massive eight-foot-wide, Battle of the Kearsarge and Alabama for the 1876 Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition. Xanthus Russell Smith painted six other unique compositions of the famous June 19, 1864, naval battle between the USS Kearsarge and the CSS Alabama, which took place off the coast of France.

Many paintings and sketches by Xanthus Russell Smith were used to illustrate a large number of Civil War histories, and in 1926 he wrote the biography of his former commanding officer, Admiral Samuel Francis du Pont.

Art Movement: Realism Art.
He Traveled To England, France.
Artist Biography compiled by Albert L. Mansour at The World's Artist, with text adapted from Wikipedia.

Xanthus Russell Smith Hand-Painted Oil Painting Reproductions.

Xanthus Russell Smith Museum Art Replicas on Canvas.

The World's Artists Most Popular Products and Services

You can do a deep search for an oil painting by specific artists, colors, or subject matter . You can also check the art movements page to find the painter linked to a particular art movement. If you do not see your favorite artist or an oil painting, request it in our made-to-order, custom-made oil painting section or contact us . You can choose an oil painting reproduction to see it in your home or office surroundings and find out how to do it in our wall art mock-up photo . We also provide additional resources about art canvas sizes and oil painting care .

In our studio and on our artists pages, you will learn about the painting process and how we paint the oil painting reproductions. The same procedures pictured are used for painting: pet portraits , portrait oil paintings from your photographs , and oil paintings of your home . We uncovered some of the exact locations where famous oil paintings were painted. See the side-by-side comparisons in Then and Now, plus Tilt-Shift painting photos . On top of that, some of the famous painters' oil paintings were made into interesting tilt-shift photos.