Sanford Robinson Gifford Biography | Oil Painting Reproductions
7-10-1823 Greenfield, USA - 8- 29-1880 New York, USABack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
Sanford Robinson Gifford went to Brown University 1842-44 before leaving to study art in New York City in 1845. He studied drawing, perspective and anatomy under the direction of the British watercolorists, John R. Smith and took drawing classes at the National Academy of Design. In 1847 he exhibited his first landscape at the National Academy and was elected an associate in 1851, and an academician in 1854. From that point Sanford Robinson Gifford devoted himself to landscape painting, becoming one of the finest landscape artists of the early Hudson River School and a practitioner of Luminism, an offshoot style of the Hudson River School.
Like most Hudson River School artists, Sanford Robinson Gifford ventured out into the wilderness to discover grand scenes to draw and paint. Besides exploring New England, and New York and New Jersey areas, Gifford also traveled overseas. His first travels to Europe were from 1855 to 1857, where he studied European art and sketched subjects for future oil paintings. In Europe, Gifford also met and traveled with Albert Bierstadt and Worthington Whittredge. During the American Civil War, he served in the Union Army as a corporal in the 7th Regiment of the New York Militia.
After the war, in 1868, he and Jervis McEntee with his wife, took another trip to Europe, he then went on his own to the Middle East, including Egypt in 1869.
Between 1955 and 1973, Gifford's beneficiaries donated the artist's collection of letters and personal papers to the Archives of American Art, part of the Smithsonian Institution.
Art Movement: Hudson River School, Luminism.
Artists Influencing Sanford Robinson Gifford: John Rubens Smith.
He Traveled To France, Italy, Egypt.
Artist's Biography compiled by Albert L. Mansour at The World's Artist, with text adapted from Wikipedia.