Robert Salmon Biography | Oil Paintings

11-5-1775 Whitehaven, ENG - 1-16-1845 Cumberland, ENG

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Not much is known of his early art training except for Robert Salmon (the painter) studied the work of Dutch marine painters of the seventeenth century, the Italian painters of vedute, and the work of Claude Lorrain. His earliest known paintings, Two Armed Merchantmen Leaving Whitehaven Harbor and The Estridge Off Dover are both dated 1800, painted when he was twenty-five years old, and his first Royal Academy painting exhibition was held in 1802. Robert Salmon lived in the busy seaport of Liverpool in 1806 and changed his name from Salomon to Salmon.

Although Britain was the reigning marine at the time, Robert Salmon believed that his artistic future lay in the United States. Before his departure in 1828 for the United States on the packet ship, New York.

Salmon stayed in the USA until 1842, living in a small hut on the Marine Railway Wharf overlooking Boston Harbor, Salmon thrived as a marine painter, accepting commissions from ship owners and captains.

Robert Salmon soon became one of the most prominent Boston seascape painters. During these years, he divided his time between oil painting and working in the lithographic studio of William S. Pendleton, where he met William Bradford and Fitz Henry Lane. Salmon had an influence on Lane's marine paintings style and format.

Salmon left Boston in 1842, never to return, he returned to England and went to Italy. A number of Italian views attributed to him have survived, the latest of which is dated 1845, the year of his last documented work.

Robert Salmon completed nearly 1,000 paintings, all of maritime scenes or seascape except for his only portrait, Portrait of the Corsair, John Paul Jones. He is widely considered the Father of American Luminism.

Art Movement: Luminism.
He Traveled To USA, Italy.
Artist Biography compiled by Albert L. Mansour at The World's Artist, with text adapted from Wikipedia.

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