Nicolas Poussin Biography | Oil Paintings
6-15-1594 Les Andelys, FRA – 11-19-1665 Rome, ITA
One of the leading exponents of Baroque painting, Nicolas Poussin settled in Paris in 1612. Ignoring the Mannerist painting then fashionable, he took Raphael as his model and studied the great Classical works of the Italian Renaissance. He left Paris in 1623 and began traveling Italy, studying the works of the Italian masters first hand.
Nicolas Poussin settled in Rome the following year. Apart from a brief sojourn in Paris between 1640-1642, he spent the rest of his life in Rome, executing commissions for Cardinal Barberini. Eschewing the increasingly popular Baroque style, he clung to the Classical style and became its greatest French exponent.
Nicolas Poussin drew upon the rich store of Greek and Roman mythology for his subjects while utilizing the techniques of color developed by Titian. His greatest canvasses deal with vast subjects, crowd scenes crammed with action and detail. Later on, he tended to concentrate more on landscapes, although still steeped in the Classical tradition.
Throughout his life, Nicolas Poussin stood apart from the popular tendency toward the decorative in French art of his time. In Poussin's works, a survival of the impulses of the Renaissance is coupled with conscious reference to the art of classical antiquity as the standard of excellence. Themes of tragedy and death are prevalent in Poussin's work. Poussin is an important figure in the development of landscape painting. In his early paintings the landscape usually forms a graceful background for a group of figures, later he progressed to the painting of landscape for its own sake, although the figure is never entirely absent.
Nicolas Poussin style was imitated by many of his contemporaries and influenced the work of French artists such as Jacques Stella and Sébastien Bourdon, the Italian painter Pier Francesco Mola, and the Dutch painter Gerard de Lairesse. Benjamin West, an American painter of the eighteenth century who worked in Britain, based his canvas of The Death of General Wolfe, where everyone gazes on Wolfe's death, on Poussin's The Death of Germanicus.
In the Twentieth century, art critics have suggested that the "analytic Cubist" experiments of Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque were founded upon Poussin's example. In 1963 Picasso based a series of paintings on Nicolas Poussin's The Rape of the Sabine Women. The work of Jean Hugo was also influenced by Poussin. Today, Nicolas Poussin's paintings at the Louvre reside in a gallery dedicated to him.
Art Movement: Baroque, Classicism.
Artists Influencing Nicolas Poussin: Georges Lallemand.
He Traveled To Italy.
Painters Nicolas Poussin Influenced: Jacques-Louis David, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, Paul Cézanne, Jacques Stella, Sébastien Bourdon, Pier Francesco Mola, Gerard de Lairesse, Benjamin West.
Artist Biography compiled by Albert L. Mansour at The World's Artist.
Nicolas Poussin Hand-Painted Oil Painting Reproductions.
Nicolas Poussin Museum Art Replicas on Canvas.
The World's Artists Most Popular Products and ServicesYou can do a deep search for an oil painting by specific artists, colors, or subject matter . You can also check the art movements page to find the painter linked to a particular art movement. If you do not see your favorite artist or an oil painting, request it in our made-to-order, custom-made oil painting section or contact us . You can choose an oil painting reproduction to see it in your home or office surroundings and find out how to do it in our wall art mock-up photo . We also provide additional resources about art canvas sizes and oil painting care .
In our studio and on our artists pages, you will learn about the painting process and how we paint the oil painting reproductions. The same procedures pictured are used for painting: pet portraits , portrait oil paintings from your photographs , and oil paintings of your home . We uncovered some of the exact locations where famous oil paintings were painted. See the side-by-side comparisons in Then and Now, plus Tilt-Shift painting photos . On top of that, some of the famous painters' oil paintings were made into interesting tilt-shift photos.