Joseph Wright Of Derby Biography | Oil Paintings
9-3-1734 Irongate, ENG - 8-29-1797 Derby, ENG
Known as Joseph Wright of Derby because he spent his entire life in that town, Joseph Wright of Derby was the first English painter of any significance to work in the provinces. Although even he had to go to London for his formal art education.
He established his studio, where he flourished as a portraitist, and it was as a result of his contact with the rising industrialists of the 1760s and 1770s, such as Richard Arkwright, regarded as the creator of the factory system in the cotton industry and Josiah Wedgwood (whose portrait he painted) credited with the industrialization of the manufacture of pottery, that his career changed direction quite dramatically. Joseph Wright of Derby is notable for his use of the Chiaroscuro effect, which emphasizes the contrast of light and dark, and for his paintings of candle-lit subjects.
Wright of Derby, The Artist of the Industrial Revolution.
During the new Age of Enlightenment, he often attended the meetings of the Lunar Society, a group of influential scientists and industrialists living in the English Midlands, and Wright's paintings chronicle the struggle of the birth of science against religious values and alchemy. The Enlightenment, in art, cannot be considered a unified international art movement, but a response that was consistent with local cultural developments in a certain area during a particular age. Yet, some aspects of eighteenth-century European painting shared similarities, not so much stylistically as in content, as there was a general interest in science and social morality, and the pleasure of reading and traveling.
Joseph Wright of Derby was the artist of the Industrial Revolution, the right man in the right place at the right time, and it is for his spectacular canvasses depicting the wonders of modern science and technology in their infancy that he is remembered. His attention to the details of machinery was matched by his uncanny mastery of artificial lighting, which he used to good effect. An Experiment On A Bird In An Air Pump, influenced by Rembrandt Van Rijn's The Anatomy Lesson Of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp, the painter focuses on the curious and fearful expressions of the public, thus adding a pleasant touch of irony. The scientist resembles a diabolical magician.
Art Movement History: Romanticism.
Artists Influencing Joseph Wright: Gerrit van Honthorst, Thomas Hudson.
He Traveled To Italy, France.
Artist Biography compiled by Albert L. Mansour at The World's Artist.
Joseph Wright Of Derby Hand-Painted Oil Painting Reproductions.
Joseph Wright Of Derby Museum Art Replicas on Canvas.
The World's Artists Most Popular Products and ServicesYou can do a deep search for an oil painting by specific artists, colors, or subject matter . You can also check the art movements page to find the painter linked to a particular art movement. If you do not see your favorite artist or an oil painting, request it in our made-to-order, custom-made oil painting section or contact us . You can choose an oil painting reproduction to see it in your home or office surroundings and find out how to do it in our wall art mock-up photo . We also provide additional resources about art canvas sizes and oil painting care .
In our studio and on our artists pages, you will learn about the painting process and how we paint the oil painting reproductions. The same procedures pictured are used for painting: pet portraits , portrait oil paintings from your photographs , and oil paintings of your home . We uncovered some of the exact locations where famous oil paintings were painted. See the side-by-side comparisons in Then and Now, plus Tilt-Shift painting photos . On top of that, some of the famous painters' oil paintings were made into interesting tilt-shift photos.