John Enneking Biography | Oil Painting Reproductions

10-4-1841 Minster, Ohio USA – 11-16-1916 Boston, Massachusetts USA

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Enneking, John

John Joseph Enneking from childhood drew landscapes, horses and caricatures of teachers in charcoal and crayon and local villagers called him the "Artist." After his parents died in 1856, the artist went to Cincinnati to live with a close relative and it was there he first saw art exhibitions and decided to become a painter. In 1858 he took drawing lessons at Cincinnati's Mount St. Mary's College and during the early part of the Civil War he fought as a Union soldier and was wounded and taken a prisoner by the Confederates.

By age 23, John Joseph Enneking studied printmaking in Boston, got married, built a house, and secured a letter of introduction to the French artist Leon Joseph Bonnat. In 1872 Enneking's traveled to Germany and studied at the Munich Academy under Adolph-Heinrich Lier and Eduard Schleich. Now, his artist palette took on a Barbizon tonality. He also painted in Italy and the Alps before going to Paris to study figure painting with Leon Bonnat and landscape painting with Charles Daubigny.

By the end of 1873, his friends included some of the world's most famous painters, Millet, Corot, Renoir, and Manet, and John Joseph Enneking became one of the first American painters to paint with Monet and Pissarro in Claude Monet's Argenteuil garden home. His return to back to Boston in 1876 was filled with enthusiasm for the new Impressionism and he helped many painters to go to France to learn the new painting methods and train with the Impressionists.

Enneking set up a studio next to Childe Hassam and George Fuller and he was recognized as a pre-eminent impressionist who could paint any object or scene in a convincing "modern" manner. Intermingling the best artistic techniques of the Barbizon and French Impressionist painters, Enneking built up a one of a kind masterful style.

John Joseph Enneking was vital in introducing Impressionism to artists throughout New York and New England since he was the first American who returned to the United States an impressionist.

Art Movement: Impressionism.
Artists Influencing John Joseph Enneking: Charles Daubigny, Leon Bonnat.
He Traveled To France, Germany, Netherlands, Italy.
Artist's Biography compiled by Albert L. Mansour at The World's Artist, with text adapted from Wikipedia.

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