Hendrik Goltzius first studied painting on glass with his father, then he learned to engrave from the Dirck Volckertszoon Coornhert, who then lived nearby. In 1577 he moved with Coornhert to Haarlem. and was also employed by Philip Galle to engrave prints of the history of Lucretia.
Hendrik Goltzius had a malformed right hand from a fire when he was an infant, which turned out to be especially well-suited for holding the burin, the essential steel cutting tool for engraving.
At the age of 21 he married a widow, much older than him, for the money, this enabled him to set up a business at Haarlem, but his miserable relations with her, affected his health, so in 1590 after twelve years of marriage, he took off for a tour through Germany to Italy. There he acquired an intense admiration for the works of Michelangelo and others, he returned to Haarlem in 1591, improved in health and spirit and worked there until his death, ignoring his old wife.
Hendrik Goltzius paintings seem to hide a sexual repression, probably from not having sex with his wife. There are fantasy rape scenes with a lactating Antiope in Jupiter en Antiope Jupiter sneaks in on the sleeping Antiope in the form of a satyr, women lesbians kissing in War And Peace, even fondling of breasts to get Antiope excited in Jupiter And Antiope. The same paintings without mythological figures would have been rejected by the Paris Salon two hundred and fifty years in the future.
Art Movement: Mannerism.
Artists Influencing Hendrik Goltzius: Dirck Coornhert.
He Traveled To Germany, Italy.
Artist's Biography compiled by Albert L. Mansour at The World's Artist, with text adapted from Wikipedia.