Hendrick Cornelisz Vroom Biography | Oil Paintings
6-1562 Haarlem, NED – 2-4-1640 Haarlem, NEDBack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
Quite a bit of what is known of Hendrick Cornelisz Vroom life comes from his biography by Karel van Mander, who wrote four pages about him in his "Schilder-Boeck", which reads more like an adventure story than an artist's biography.
Hendrick Cornelisz Vroom was born into a family of artists and began his career as a pottery painter when he was nineteen his mother remarried when he rebelled against his stepfather who insisted he stay in his job and stick to pottery painting. Not liking his work or his stepfather, he left home and boarded a ship bound for Spain, and from there via Livorno and Florence to Rome. In Florence he was patronized around 1585–87 by Cardinal Ferdinando de' Medici, later the Grand Duke of Tuscany. While there he became a pupil of Paulus Bril. He went back and forth to between Rome and Venice, where he earned money as a majolica (tin glazed pottery) painter. He decided to go to France and returned north, traveling with a group via a mountain pass to Lyon, at the summit his pants froze to a rock and nearly freezing and starving to death the group discussed cannibalism as a survival strategy.
Hendrick Cornelisz Vroom's incredible unbelievable adventure story.
From there he traveled to Paris, where he met a painter from Leiden, and then he continued to Rouen, where he became mortally ill but was saved by a woman who dressed his head and took care of him while he recuperated. Once better, in Rouen he boarded a ship homewards and was back in Haarlem in 1590, he got married, and then was off to Danzig to visit his uncle.
During his next adventure, this time on the way to Portugal, he survived a shipwreck and made it to shore only to be threatened with being an English pirate and executed. But, Vroom, having been to Italy, had coached his fellow survivors in the catechism, and because his devotional paintings had also washed ashore, it convinced the monks on the beach that he and his companions were not "heathen Protestants" or English pirates, and let them all go.
Having been given free passage, Hendrick Cornelisz Vroom traveled to St. Huves, where he recorded his adventures in a painting that he sold there. He wanted to return home to Haarlem by ship but at the last minute due to a hunch, wanted to get off the ship, being taunted as the "crazy painter". The ship sank in the Øresund near Helsingor and Vroom was reported as dead in Haarlem, which shocked a lot of people when they later saw him arriving home.
Hendrick Cornelisz Vroom oil paintings recorded important battles between the Dutch and English armadas which many times could be seen from shore. Vroom's large and decorative battles, ceremonial scenes and beach views introduced novel compositions which were to be used by the next generation of Dutch marine painters. Vroom had a direct influence on the Haarlem marine painters Hans Goderis, Cornelis Verbeeck and Cornelis Claesz van Wieringen. He became a member of the Haarlem Guild of St. Luke and had numerous pupils.
Art Movement: Baroque, Dutch Golden Age.
Artists Influencing Hendrick Vroom: Paulus Bril.
He Traveled To Spain, Italy, France, Poland, Portugal.
Painters Hendrick Cornelisz Vroom Influenced: Hans Goderis, Cornelis Verbeeck, Cornelis Claesz van Wieringen, Aert Anthonisz, Nicolaes de Kemp, Jan Porcellis, Cornelis Hendriksz Vroom, Frederik Hendricksz Vroom.
Artist Biography compiled by Albert L. Mansour at The World's Artist, with text adapted from Wikipedia.