Giuseppe De Nittis Biography | Oil Paintings

2-5-1846 Barletta, ITA – 8-21-1884 Saint-Germain-en-Laye, FRA

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Nittis, Giuseppe De

Giuseppe De Nittis was in the Instituto di Belle Arti in Naples for only two years when he was expelled in 1863 at the age of seventeen for insubordination to his teachers, the following year, he launched his artistic career by exhibiting two paintings at the 1864 Neapolitan Promotrice. Giuseppe De Nittis came into contact with some of the artists known as the Macchiaioli, a group that mainly painted outdoors, becoming friends with Telemaco Signorini, and exhibiting in Florence.

In 1867 Giuseppe De Nittis moved to Paris and entered into a contract with the large art dealer Adolphe Goupil, who wanted him to produce genre works that would sell well. After gaining some success by exhibiting at the Paris Salon he returned to Italy where, now free to paint from nature, he produced several views of Vesuvius.

In 1872 Giuseppe De Nittis returned to Paris no longer under contract to Adolphe Goupil, he achieved a success at the Paris Salon of 1874 with his oil painting Che Freddo! (It's so cold!). In that same year, he was invited by Edgar Degas to exhibit five paintings at the first Impressionist exhibition, held at Nadar's photography studio. Degas, was a friend of several Italian artists residing in Paris at the time. De Nittis was not accepted by all of the Impressionists, because he did not follow their rules, and did not participate in their future exhibitions.

A trip to London resulted in a number of good paintings sold to businessmen and new patrons who allowed him to paint the way he wanted. In 1875 De Nittis took up pastels, which became an important medium for him and which he helped popularize. At the Exposition Universelle in Paris of 1878, De Nittis exhibited eleven paintings and was awarded a gold medal and that same year he received the Légion d’Honneur. His home was a favorite gathering place for Parisian writers and artists, as well as expatriate Italians. In 1884, at the age of thirty-eight, Giuseppe De Nittis died suddenly of a cerebral congestion.

Art Movement: Impressionism, Naturalism.
Artists Influencing Giuseppe De Nittis: Giovanni Battista Calò.
He Traveled To France, England.
Artist Biography compiled by Albert L. Mansour at The World's Artist, with text adapted from Wikipedia.

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