Georges Braque Biography | Oil Painting Reproductions
6-13-1882 Argenteuil, FRA - 8-31-1963 Paris, FRABack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
Born in Argenteuil, the son of a house painter, Georges Braque was trained to carry on the family business. In 1902 he switched to art, but retained a profound respect for the craftsmanship and always ground his own pigments.
Georges Braque joined the Fauvist group, but his style altered after two key events in 1907. Firstly he was overwhelmed by an exhibition of Cezanne's work, then later in the year, he saw Les Demoiselles d'Avignon in Picasso's studio and embarked on a unique collaboration with the Spaniard when they started to share the studio. Working in Braque's words, “like two mountaineers roped together”, they created Cubism.
This artistic partnership was halted by World War I in 1914 when Braque enlisted in the French Army. In May 1915, Georges Braque received a severe head injury in battle at Carency and suffered temporary blindness. He required a long period of recuperation. He was decorated for bravery before being discharged in 1916.
The Birth Of Cubism, a New Vision.
Unlike Picasso, who changed directions completely. Braque spent the rest of his career refining his experiments with Cubism. These culminated in a magnificent cycle of paintings on The Studio, which he began in 1947. Braque also diversified into design work, producing ballet décor, stained glass windows, book illustrations and, most notable of all, a ceiling for the Etruscan Gallery in the Louvre Museum.
On May 20, 2010, the Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris reported the overnight theft of five paintings from its collection. The paintings taken were by Pablo Picasso, Amedeo Modigliani, Fernand Léger, Henri Matisse, and L'Olivier Près de l'Estaque (The Olive Tree near l'Estaque) by Georges Braque, and were valued at us$123 million. Authorities believe the thief acted alone and was found and convicted in 2011. The man removed the paintings and left their frames, he claimed he had panicked and thrown the painting in the garbage shortly after stealing them, as of today the paintings are still nowhere to be found.
As Monet, Renoir, and Sisley, working side by side, abandoned their studio to devote themselves to landscape painting produced directly en Plein air, so to Picasso and Braque (who worked together in the legendary Bateau Lavoir in Montmartre during the winter) went to the countryside of l'Estaque in the summer to paint in the sun-drenched south of France. During this period of close symbiosis, the two artists applied the stylistic and technical innovations of Cubism not only to inanimate objects in their studio, but also to trees, landscapes, and houses in the woods. Here the influence of Paul Cezanne is even more pivotal than the still-life compositions. The painting Houses at l'Estaque illustrates the search for sober simplification of colors and geometric blocks.
Cubism achieved such resounding success thanks to the courage of important gallery owners, the support of open-minded intellectuals, and the patronage of pioneer collectors of contemporary art.
Art Movement History: Cubism, Fauvism.
Artists Influencing Georges Braque: Paul Cézanne, Pablo Picasso, Juan Gris.
He Traveled To Belgium.
Artist's Biography compiled by Albert L. Mansour at The World's Artist, with text adapted from Wikipedia.