George Inness Biography | Oil Painting Reproductions

5-1-1825 Newburgh, New York USA - 8-3-1894 Bridge of Allan, SCO

Inness, George

George Inness in 1839 when he was fourteen years old, he studied for several months with a nomad painter, John Jesse Barker. In his later teens, Inness worked as a map engraver in New York City. During this time he attracted the attention of French landscape painter living in New York, Régis François Gignoux, with whom he studied. Throughout the mid-1840s he also attended classes at the National Academy of Design and studied the work of the Hudson River School landscape artists Thomas Cole and Asher Durand. He debuted his first work at the National Academy in 1844 and four years later George Inness opened his first art studio in New York.

In 1851 an art patron sponsored Inness' first trip to Europe to paint and study in exchange for artwork on his return. George Inness spent fifteen months in Rome, where he studied landscapes techniques of Claude Lorrain and Nicolas Poussin.

During trips to Paris in early 1854, Inness came under the influence of artists working in the Barbizon School. Barbizon landscapes were noted for their looser brushwork, darker palette, and emphasis on mood. Inness became the leading American exponent of Barbizon-style painting.

In the mid-1850s, George Inness was commissioned by the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad to create paintings which documented the progress of DLWRR's growth in early Industrial America such as The Lackawanna Valley.

His work of the 1860s and 1870s were more inclined toward the panoramic and picturesque landscapes, with cloud-laden threatening skies, and included views the USA, as well as scenes inspired by his travels to Italy and France.

After 1885 George Inness settled in Montclair, New Jersey, in the last decade of his life, his style changed through a more abstracted handling of shapes, softened edges, and saturated color. It is this last quality in particular which distinguishes Inness from those painters characterized as Luminists.

Art Movement: Barbizon, Tonalism, Hudson River School.
Artists Influencing George Inness: Régis François Gignoux, Thomas Cole, Asher Durand, Claude Lorrain, Nicolas Poussin.
Painters George Inness Influenced: Charles Dormon Robinson.
He Traveled To Italy, France.
Artist's Biography compiled by Albert L. Mansour at The World's Artist, with text adapted from Wikipedia.

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