Elizabeth Jane Gardner Biography | Oil Painting Reproductions
10-4-1837 Exeter, USA – 1-28-1922 Paris, FRABack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
Elizabeth Jane Gardner studied in Paris under the figurative painter Hugues Merle, the well-known salon painter Jules Joseph Lefebvre, and finally under William-Adolphe Bouguereau. After Bouguereau's wife died, Gardner became his lover.
Elizabeth Jane Gardner's relationship with Bouguereau was known and talked about within the Parisian artistic community. They made no secret of their relationship over the course of an engagement that was to last seventeen years and after the death of his mother, who opposed the union, she married him in 1896.
In 1866, Elizabeth Jane Gardner made history becoming the first American woman to exhibit at the Paris Salon, and made history again at the 1872 Salon when she was awarded a gold medal. Elizabeth Gardner Bouguereau was accepted to the Salon more than any other woman painter in history and all but a few of the men.
Gardner was a very independent woman. Like the artist Rosa Bonheur, she applied to the police for a permit that would allow that would enable her to wear men's clothing so she could go to life classes at the acclaimed Gobelin works. She was a clever businessperson and an excellent linguist, switching from her native English to French, Italian or German, to make her visitors and potential customers feel quite at ease. She excelled in the social graces and knew how to manage publicity and nurture relationships that would help her further her career. Her ability to work her way into the social networks in Paris earned her sales and portrait commissions.
Elizabeth Jane Gardner's work bears a strong resemblance to the work of her husband, William-Adolphe Bouguereau. She adopted his subjects, compositions, and even his smooth style, copying his style so successfully that some of her work might be mistaken for his.
Art Movement: Academic
Artists Influencing Elizabeth Jane Gardner: Hugues Merle, Jules Lefebvre, Adolphe Bouguereau
He Traveled To France