Edward Moran Biography | Oil Paintings

8-19-1829 Bolton, ENG - 6-8-1901 New York, New York USA

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Moran, Edward

Edward Moran (the painter) apprenticed in Philadelphia in 1845 at the age of sixteen, under James Hamilton who guided Moran specifically in the style of marine paintings and landscape painter Paul Weber. In the 1850s Moran began to make a name for himself in the Philadelphia art scene, working in the same studio as his younger brother, the famous American landscape painter Thomas Moran. In 1862, he traveled to London to further study at the Royal Academy. After moving back to Philadelphia, Moran married Annette Parmentier, whom he taught and became a landscape artist in her own right.

One of Edward Moran more well-known exhibits, titled Land and Sea, showed 75 of his landscape and marine paintings in 1871, these paintings were later illustrated in a catalog by the same name. All the money from the exhibit, the catalog, and the sale of another painting, The Relief Ship Entering Havre were donated by Moran to aid the sufferers of the Franco-Prussian war.

In 1885, at the height of his career, Edward Moran began on what would be considered his most important work, a series of 13 oil paintings representing the Marine History of the United States. The subjects included The Debarkation of Columbus, Henry Hudson entering New York Bay, Iron versus Wood, and First Recognition of the American Flag by a Foreign Government, among others. Not long after their completion, the series was displayed at the 1893 World's Fair in Chicago.

Shortly after the World's Fair, Moran gave the series of thirteen paintings to his wife, but a legal battle ensued after his death in 1901 over the ownership of the oil paintings, the executor of Moran's estate refused to hand them over, declaring that they were rightfully under his protection, it finally took the Supreme Court in New York City to eventually judge in favor of Moran's widow.

At the time of his death, Edward Moran was widely considered to be one of the most important nineteenth-century marine painters, but today his younger brother, Thomas Moran, whose career he helped launch is more well-known. His son Edward Percy Moran also became an artist of American history paintings.

Artists Influencing Edward Moran: James Hamilton, Paul Weber.
He Traveled To England.
Painters Edward Moran Influenced: Thomas Moran, Edward Percy Moran, Annette Parmentier.
Artist Biography compiled by Albert L. Mansour at The World's Artist, with text adapted from Wikipedia.

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