Claude Joseph Vernet Biography | Oil Paintings.

August 14, 1714 Avignon – December 3, 1789 Paris

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Vernet, Claude Joseph

Claude Joseph Vernet started at the age of fourteen worked with his father, Antoine Vernet, a skilled coach painter, where he learned painting but this type of painting couldn't fulfill his aspiration, so after six years of working with his father, he decided to go to Rome.

In 1734, at the age of twenty, Claude Joseph Vernet left for Rome to study landscape and seascapes, the sight of the sea at Marseilles and his sea voyage to Civitavecchia made a deep connection with him. Once in Rome he entered the studio of Bernardino Fergioni, a marine painter, and studied the works of Claude Lorrain and Claude Gellee, who were to influence the style and subject of Vernet's oil paintings.

Gradually Vernet attracted notice among patrons in Rome with his traditional design and natural effects of the atmosphere. No painter of landscapes or seascapes has ever made the human figure so completely a part of the scene depicted. In this regard, he was impacted by Giovanni Paolo Panini, whom he met and worked with in Rome. Claude Joseph Vernet's style remained relatively the same for the duration of his life. His works' attentiveness to atmospheric effects is combined with a sense of harmony that is reminiscent of Claude Lorrain. By 1740, Vernet's landscape and seascape clients included artists Placido Costanzi and Sebastiano Conca and important French, Italian, and especially the English patrons on the Grand Tour.

Claude Joseph Vernet lived in Rome for twenty years, painting seaports, storms, and moonlights, which became especially popular with the English aristocrats. In 1753 he was recalled to Paris by royal command, there, Vernet became a full member of the Académie Royale, and assisted by Pierre-Jacques Volaire, he executed the series of the seaports of France by which he is best known. Vernet traveled around France for nine years painting the ports and harbors. His View of the French Port of Rochefort and its Colonial Magazines is particularly notable. Vernet has brought life into the foreground of his painting with a wide array of figures participating in an assortment of activities to convey a sense of the commotion and drama of France's seaports. After 1762 he settled in Paris and painted highly successful storm scenes, shipwrecks, and moonlit night-pieces, these paintings foreshadowed Romantic landscape painting.

Throughout his life, Claude Joseph Vernet returned to Italian themes, as shown through one of his later works, A Seashore. On his return from Rome, he became a member of the Academy, and he continued to exhibit at the Salon where he had done so since 1746, with rare exceptions, until his death, in his apartment in the Louvre. Among the very numerous famous engravers of his works are Jacques-Philippe Le Bas, Charles-Nicolas Cochin, Charles Joseph Flipart and François Vivares. His son, Antoine Charles Horace Vernet, was also a landscape and battle painter.

Art Movement: Romanticism.
Artists Influencing Claude Joseph Vernet: Bernardino Fergioni, Claude Lorrain, Claude Gellee, Giovanni Paolo Panini.
He Traveled To Italy.
Artist Biography compiled by Albert L. Mansour at The World's Artist, with text adapted from Wikipedia.

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