Camille Pissarro Biography | Oil Paintings
7-10-1830 Saint Thomas, VIR - 11-13-1903 Paris, FRABack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
Jacob-Abraham Camille Pissarro is one of the founding fathers of Impressionism. The premise of Impressionism was simply concerning the relationship between natural light and the application of paint and Pissarro remained scrupulously faithful to the principle of the “impression” of light and color. Camille Pissarro was born to a French Jewish father and a Creole mother on the West Indies island of St. Thomas. Pissarro was schooled in Paris and enjoyed a brief interlude in Venezuela, before eventually settling in France in 1855.
There, he was initially influenced by Corot, whose landscapes he admired at the Universal Exhibition. He also studied at the Académie Suisse, where he met Monet, who introduced him to the future Impressionist circle at the Café Guerbois.
Camille Pissarro remained in close contact with Claude Monet in 1870–71 when both men took refuge in London during the Franco-Prussian War. News reached him that his house in Louveciennes had been used as a butchery by the invaders. When Pissarro returned to his home in France after the war, of the 1,500 paintings he had done over 20 years, which he was forced to leave behind, only 40 remained, the rest having been damaged or destroyed by the Prussian soldiers, who used them as floor mats or would walk on them outside to keep their boots clean from the mud.
During his lifetime, Camille Pissarro sold few of his paintings.
Camille Pissarro was slightly older than the other Impressionists and this, together with his ability as a teacher, enabled him to assume a guru-like authority within the group. Camille Pissarro was an artist of diverse talents. He is known for his tolerance and unity that he inspired among his fellow Impressionists, even in the middle of bitter disputes. In return, they gave him respect and admiration for his principles as much as for his artwork. He continued to work in his art studio until his death in Paris. He died blind in 1903 at age 73. His son Lucien also became a successful artist.
During his lifetime, Camille Pissarro sold few of his paintings. By the 21st century, however, his paintings were selling for millions of dollars. In 2014 the Le Boulevard de Montmartre, Matinée de Printemps, sold at auction in London for US$24,000,000.
The very interesting THEN & NOW photo section. See, the present day location that inspired the famous artist Camille Pissarro. We travel the world to find the exact location where the artist set up his easel to paint. We photograph it as it appears today. Now, you can compare side by side photos of the original oil painting and the present-day location.
Art Movement History: Impressionism.
Artists Influencing Camille Pissarro: Camille Corot, Monet, Georges Seurat, Melbye, Gustave Courbet.
He Traveled To West Indies, Venezuela, England.
Painters Camille Pissarro Influenced: Paul Cezanne, Paul Gauguin, Mary Cassatt, Lucien Pissarro.
Artist's Biography compiled by Albert L. Mansour at The World's Artist.