Bartholomeus Spranger Biography | Oil Paintings.

3-21-1546 Antwerp, BEL – 6-27-1611 Prague, CZE

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Spranger, Bartholomeus

Bartholomeus Spranger trained with three landscape painters, Cornelis van Dalem, Jan Mandijn, and Frans Mostaert and his training also included copying prints of Frans Floris and Parmigianino. In 1565 he traveled to Paris where he worked for two months in the workshop of Marc Duval and then continued his travels on to Italy, where he first stayed for eight months in Milan. Bartholomeus Spranger then worked for three months in Parma as an assistant to Bernardino Gatti on the painting of the dome of the Santa Maria della Steccata.

In Rome, Bartholomeus Spranger became, like El Greco, a protégé of Giulio Clovio. Pope Pius V selected him court painter in 1570, but after seven years in Rome, he was summoned to Vienna by Maximilian II, the Holy Roman Emperor, who died soon after his arrival in 1576. His successor Rudolf II was even more keen to employ him, and in 1581 he was appointed court painter and also Valet de chambre, a title of social prestige. The court moved its seat from Vienna to Prague, and Rudolf II arranged a wealthy marriage for him, and his house was a center for artists in Prague. Spranger stayed in Prague until his death, shortly before Rudolf II was deposed.

Bartholomeus Spranger's paintings for Rudolf, for the most part, portray fanciful nudes in different complex stances, with some connection to the Emperor's esoteric Late-Renaissance philosophical thoughts. His paintings are the most characteristic of the final phase of Northern Mannerism.

Bartholomeus Spranger also worked as a sculptor for the Prague court. Having helped the Flemish sculptor Hans Mont, he acquired some knowledge of sculpting. After Mont left Prague, Spranger filled in as a sculptor for the emperor, until Mont's replacement, Adriaen de Vries arrived in Prague in 1601.

Art Movement: Mannerism Art.
Artists Influencing Bartholomeus Spranger: Cornelis van Dalem, Jan Mandijn, Frans Mostaert.
He Traveled To France, Italy, Czech.
Artist Biography compiled by Albert L. Mansour at The World's Artist, with text adapted from Wikipedia.

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Bartholomeus Spranger Museum Art Replicas on Canvas.

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