Achille Lauge Biography | Oil Paintings

8-29-1861 Arzens, FRA – 6-2-1944 Cailhau, FRA

Lauge, Achille

Achille Laugé began his artistic training at the age of fifteen at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Toulouse from 1876 to 1881, he met his lifelong friend the sculptor Antoine Bourdelle at the school, the following year he entered the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris in the studio of the painter Alexandre Cabanel. Laugé soon met and befriended another sculptor, Aristide Maillol, who he introduced to Bourdelle and with whom he later shared a studio.

After two years of study, in 1886, Achille Lauge left Paris and returned to live and work in the South of France for the rest of his long career. Laugé’s early adoption of pointillism in his paintings has prompted some debate about its sources. While two childhood friends of the artist, the journalist Achille Astré and the influential politician Albert Sarraut, both asserted that Laugé developed the distinctive divisionist technique on his own, without any knowledge of the work of Georges Seurat, this is seen as unlikely.

During Achille Laugé’s stay in Paris between 1881 and 1886, he can hardly have failed to come into contact with the avant-garde work of the Neo-Impressionists. At the Salon des Indépendants of 1886, Seurat’s great painting of Sunday Afternoon on Island of La Grande Jatte was exhibited to immense popular interest and critical attention, alongside works by Paul Signac, Henri-Edmond Cross, and other Post-Impressionist artists. Laugé just once in a while displayed his work but in 1894 he sent five paintings, two still lives, and three portraits, to the Salon des Indépendants. And that same year he was included in a group exhibition in Toulouse, along with Pierre Bonnard, Maurice Denis, Felix Vallotton, Jean-Édouard Vuillard, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, and Paul Serusier. These public exhibitions of his were, more the exception than the rule, as Lauge’s paintings were repeatedly rejected by the Salon in Paris.

In 1902, be that as it may, he was again included in an exhibition in Toulouse, where among several paintings was a Paysage de la Gardie. In 1905, to paint from nature in all types of weather, the Languedoc countryside, Laugé built a small painting caravan, complete with a skylight and large windows. Laugé received almost no public commissions, aside from several designs for tapestries for the Gobelins factory. Achille Lauge rarely left the Midi, and rarely exhibited his paintings in any of the art galleries in Paris.

His relative isolation meant that Lauge’s work remained unknown to most of the scholars, critics, and collectors of his time, much the same as it does today, except that his oil paintings now hang in the Musée National d’Art Moderne, Musée d’Orsay and the Musée du Louvre in Paris alongside Post-Impressionist works by Seurat and Signac.

Art Movement: Post Impressionism.
Artists Influencing Achille Laugé: Alexandre Cabanel, Jean-Paul Laurens.
Artist's Biography compiled by Albert L. Mansour at The World's Artist, with text adapted from Wikipedia.

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