Romanticism Art Movement

France 1770 - 1860

Romanticism Art Movement, History, Romantic Paintings & Artists.

The Romantic or Romanticism Art was not an organized art movement, but a mood that spread all through Europe toward the start of the nineteenth century. In spite of the fact that the groups of artists and writers in different countries were independent and their local characteristics differed greatly, they were fired by the same goals and ideals. They illustrated a need to express feelings that had been curbed for too long; first by the showiness of Baroque, then by the rationality of the Enlightenment, and finally by the rules of Neoclassicism. For this reason, poets and painters gave free reign to their romantic passions and patriotic fervor, their fear, and ardor. In France, Delacroix one of the most famous artists was the brilliant driving exponent of Romanticism. At whatever point you read the words Romantic art, don’t consider “love matters,” think emotional passionate art.

How to Identify Romanticism Art Movement Paintings.

The beginnings of Romanticism coincide with the battles and political turmoil on both sides of the Atlantic, with the American and French Revolutions. Additionally, Industrialism and urbanization were stressful for a people already tense from hardship and wars. From this standpoint, the populace needed a break from the rationalism of the Age of Enlightenment and an escape into the fantasy of Romanticism.

1. The skies are bleak or cloudy as a sign of up and coming peril and fear of the unknown. Wanderer above the Sea of Fog by Caspar David Friedrich.

2. An emphasis on nature, supernatural scenes with dark mysterious ambiance; dark in both a literal and figurative sense. The Hay Wain by John Constable.

3. Dramatic scenes of man or nature, with suggestions of nature's triumph over man. The Course of Empire, Destruction by Thomas Cole.

4. The sky is conspicuous and overpowering, taking over around half of the painting. The Grand Canal Venice by Joseph Mallord William Turner.

5. Sensational scenes likened to Baroque art but painted with visible brushstrokes, as typical of the Romantic style. Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix.

6. Horrific and Gothic images, where faces express feelings such as torment, anguish, outrage or fear as in Saturn Devouring his Son by Francisco de Goya. One of the most horrifying images in the whole history of art.

Literary trends impact visual expressions and in the visual arts, the first inklings of Romanticism showed up in land and seascapes and depictions of tempests, shipwrecks, and disaster. Romantic paintings were created in all sizes, but the six-foot paintings and history paintings were enveloping in their own impressive grandeur.

Romantic Painting is Pure Fantasy.

Meeting the public’s need for fantasy, many painters lost focus on the strict adherence to technical mastery of painting principles and put all their focus into creating mystical magical scenes that exported the viewer to another world. An example of this would be the work of John Waterhouse whose treatments of mythological female figures such as the Lady of Shalott are mesmerizing both in the rendition of the subject and her setting.

In as much magnificence and glory as Romanticism displayed through visual mediums, it could likewise put the viewer in suspense or horror. Francisco de Goya and Theodore Gericault captured scenes of battle in realistic and horrifying and macabre detail. Gericault’s The Raft of the Medusa showed the genuine realistic detail of a genuine wreck when the Medusa sank off the west coast of Africa, 150 people swarmed and crowded onto a raft, 15 survived. His oil paintings of portraits of the mentally ill, capturing their dark looks, glazed eyes and vague expressions, giving a disillusioned view of their marginalized and lonely condition.

Introspective philosophy and Romanticism coincided in North America and brought about radiant landscapes from American artists. The first incarnation was The Hudson River School in New York whose artists painted stunning natural scenes of the Hudson River Valley. The next crop of American artists recorded the glory and majesty, or idealized majesty, of the American West. Despite the fact that the artwork was glorified, their compositions enticed, provoked, and moved the wealthy and the poor to move west and were persuasive in the westward expansion and development of the United States.

Romanticism reached an end since it did not have the coherence and wide support of the Enlightenment movement, yet it never vanished. Indeed, today's postmodern suspicious perspective of science and reason has its underlying foundations in Romanticism.

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Famous Romanticism Art Movement Oil Painting Reproductions.

Romanticism Art Movement Painters Biography & Painting Reproductions.

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