Romanticism Art Movement

France, 1770 - 1860

Romanticism Art Movement, History, Romantic Oil Paintings & Artists.

The Romanticism Art Movement, also known as the Romantic Movement, was not an organized art movement. Instead, it was a mood that spread throughout Europe toward the start of the nineteenth century. In spite of the fact that the groups of artists and writers in different countries were independent and their local characteristics differed greatly. However, they were motivated by the same goals and ideals. They exemplified a long-suppressed need to express feelings, first by the showiness of the Baroque, then by the rationality of the Enlightenment, and finally by the rules of Neoclassicism. For this reason, poets and painters gave free rein to their romantic passions and patriotic fervor, their fear and ardor. In France, Delacroix, one of the most famous artists, was the brilliant driving exponent of Romanticism. At whatever point you read the words "Romantic art," don't think of rational, logical art, but of emotional, passionate art.

How to Identify Romanticism Art Movement Oil Paintings.

The beginnings of Romanticism coincide with the battles and political turmoil on both sides of the Atlantic, with the American and French Revolutions. Additionally, Industrialism and urbanization were stressful for a people already tense from hardship and wars. From this standpoint, the populace needed a break from the rationalism of the Age of Enlightenment and an escape into the fantasy of Romanticism.

1. The skies are bleak or cloudy as a sign of impending danger and fear of the unknown. Caspar David Friedrich's Wanderer above the Sea of Fog.

2. The emphasis is on nature and supernatural scenes with a mysterious ambiance; dark in both a literal and figurative sense. The Hay Wain by John Constable.

3.  Dramatic scenes of man or nature, with suggestions of nature's triumph over man. The Course of Empire, Destruction by Thomas Cole.

4. The sky is conspicuous and overpowering, taking over around half of the painting. The Grand Canal Venice by Joseph Mallord William Turner.

5. Sensational scenes are likened to Baroque art but painted with visible brushstrokes, as typical of the Romantic style. Eugène Delacroix's  Liberty Leading the People.

6. Horrific and Gothic images, where faces express feelings such as torment, anguish, outrage or horror in Saturn Devouring his Son by Francisco de Goya. One of the most horrifying images in the whole history of art.

Literary trends impact visual expressions and in the visual arts, the first inklings of Romanticism showed up in land and seascapes and depictions of tempests, shipwrecks, and disaster. All sizes of Romantic paintings were created, but the six-foot paintings and history paintings were particularly majestic in their own way.

Romantic Oil Paintings are Pure Fantasy.

Meeting the public’s need for fantasy, many painters lost focus on the strict adherence to the technical mastery of painting principles. Instead, they put all their focus into creating mystical magical scenes that transported the viewer to another world. An example of this would be the work of John Waterhouse whose treatments of mythological female figures such as the Lady of Shalott are mesmerizing both in the rendition of the subject and her setting.

In as much magnificence and glory as Romanticism displayed through visual mediums, it could likewise put the viewer in suspense or horror. Francisco de Goya and Theodore Gericault captured scenes of battle in vivid, and macabre detail. Gericault’s The Raft of the Medusa showed the true detail of a genuine wreck when the Medusa sank off the west coast of Africa, 150 people swarmed and crowded onto a raft, and 15 survived. His oil paintings of portraits of the mentally ill, capture their dark looks, glazed eyes, and vague expressions, giving a disillusioned view of their marginalized and lonely condition.

Introspective philosophy and Romanticism coincided in North America and brought about radiant landscapes from American artists. The first incarnation was The Hudson River School in New York whose artists painted stunning natural scenes of the Hudson River Valley. The next crop of American artists recorded the glory and majesty, or idealized majesty, of the American West. Despite the fact that the artwork was glorified, their compositions enticed, provoked, and moved the wealthy and the poor to move west. They were persuasive in the westward expansion and development of the United States.

Romanticism reached an end since it did not have the coherence and wide support of the Enlightenment movement, yet it never vanished. Indeed, today's postmodern skepticism of science and reason has its underlying foundations in Romanticism.

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