Hudson River School Art Movement
USA 1825 - 1885
Hudson River School Art Movement, History, Paintings & Artists.
Hudson River School paintings reflect three subjects of American history in the nineteenth century: discovery, exploration, and settlement. The oil paintings also likewise portray the American landscape as a pastoral setting, where people and nature coincide. The Hudson River School landscapes are characterized by their realistic, detailed, and sometimes idealized portrayal of nature, comparing quiet farming and the rest of the wild, which was quickly vanishing.
For the United States, the nineteenth century was the century of industry and mass immigration. Bu the 1860 New York's population already topped one million, putting America on its way to becoming the proverbial “melting pot”. During the first half of the 19th-century American painting continued to rely on European currents and trends. London, the fashionable center for artistic training at the end of the eighteenth century, was replaced by Paris. The influences of famous artists Claude Lorrain, John Constable, J. M. W. Turner, and the art of French Realism and the Barbizon School, all contributed to the emergence of the Hudson River School, the first American artistic movement. This style of painting took reality as the starting point, but transformed it into an idealized, Romantic vision, with a strong dose of American national pride.
Hudson River School The First American Art Movement.
Led by the talented artist Thomas Cole, generally acknowledged as the founder of the Hudson River School, the school flourished between 1825 and 1875, using the Hudson River Valley and the surrounding area, including the Catskill, Adirondack, and the White Mountains as its subject matter. The first review of his work appeared in the New York Evening Post on November 22, 1825. Cole's close friend, Asher Durand, became a prominent figure in the school as well. The term is thought to have originated with the landscape painter Homer Dodge Martin. This style of painting took reality as the starting point, but transformed it into an idealized, Romantic vision, with a strong dose of American national pride. The artists would travel to extraordinary and extreme environments, that would not permit extended painting at the site. During these expeditions, the artists recorded sketches and memories, returning to their studios to paint the finished works later.
The Second Generation of Hudson River School Artists.
The next generation of Hudson River School artists emerged to prominence after Cole's sudden passing in 1848; its members included Cole's prized understudy Frederic Edwin Church, John Frederick Kensett, and Sanford Robinson Gifford. Works by artists of this second generation are often described as examples of Luminism. Artworks by the second generation of artists associated with the school expanded to in incorporate different regions in New England, the Maritimes, the American West, and even South America. Besides pursuing their art, many of the artists, including Kensett, Gifford, and Church, were among the founders of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City.
The vast majority of the finest works of these artists were painted between 1855 and 1875. During that time, artists as Frederic Edwin Church and Albert Bierstadt were celebrities. They were both influenced by the Düsseldorf school of painting, and Bierstadt had studied in the city for several years. When Church exhibited paintings such as Niagara Falls or The Icebergs, thousands of people lined up around the block and paid fifty cents a head to view the solitary works. The epic size of the landscapes in these paintings reminded Americans of the vast, untamed, but magnificent wilderness areas in the country. Such works were being painted during the period of settlement of the American West, preservation of national parks, and the establishment of green city parks.
Partly from: Wikipedia
Famous Hudson River School Art Movement Oil Painting Reproductions.
Hudson River School Art Movement Painters Biography & Painting Reproductions.
- Bellows, Albert Fitch
- Bierstadt, Albert
- Bradford, William
- Bricher, Alfred Thompson
- Butman, Frederick
- Church, Frederic Edwin
- Cole, Thomas
- Cropsey, Jasper Francis
- Durand, Asher Brown
- Fisher, Alvan
- Herzog, Hermann
- Hill, Edward
- Hill, Thomas
- Huntington, Daniel
- Johnson, David
- Jones, Hugh Bolton
- Knapp, Charles Wilson
- Moran, Thomas
- Munger, Gilbert
- Richards, William Trost
- Whittredge, Thomas Worthington