Baroque Art Movement
Italy 1590 - 1725
Baroque Art Movement, History, Baroque Paintings & Artists.
The word baroque is from the French "baroque", which alludes to a "rough or imperfect pearl". In casual dialect, it refers to something that is detailed and elaborate. It was not utilized at the time but rather was later attributed to the movement by art critics to condemn the abundance of the period in its application, details, and frivolity. The heavy, grandiose and gilded Baroque architectural and interior design is clear in its oil paintings also. The need of the nobility to inspire with lavishness and greatness kept artisans busy for a century.
The Rough Imperfect Pearl that is Baroque.
During the seventeenth century, Europe underwent significant political, social and cultural changes, causing a crisis of the traditional powers and the presence of new countries in a situation that stretched out over the seas to distant continents. Yet, the seventeenth century was also full of surprising contrasts. During this time, the arts developed a creative style while the sciences started to expand the guidelines of modern methods of inquiry. Economics saw the birth of bourgeois capitalism, and the sovereigns of Europe built magnificent royal residences. Italian culture and tastes spread all through Europe when Italy was consigned to the sidelines of international trade. In spite of these conditions, the Baroque age was a fascinating period of artistic development and exchange and increased circulation of ideas. New national schools also became consolidated during this time and homogeneous stylistic features spread throughout the continent. Many great masters, like Caravaggio, Bernini, Poussin, and Rubens, became the models for the figurative arts in all Europe.
Baroque artistic movement timeline took after the scholarly and elitist styles of the Renaissance and Mannerism and turned rather toward a tangible way to appeal to a wider audience that might not comprehend ambiguous meanings that were before only known to the educated class.
Baroque painting favored the intensity of emotion displayed through drama and exaggerated light. It bore zero likenesses of the ways of life of the general population of the Baroque period, yet its sensational expression was thought to celebrate the monarchy and affirm the passionate depths of the Catholic Church.
How to Identify Baroque Art Movement Paintings?
The Baroque art movement history is once in a while isolated into three stages: Early Baroque; 1590-1625, High Baroque; 1625-1660 and Late Baroque; 1660-1725 and between Catholic and Protestant Europe.
2. General still lifes. Still-Life with Fruits, Shells and Insects by Balthasar van der Ast.
3. Still lifes of fruit bowls. Still Life With Silver Jug by Willem Kalf.
4. Theatrical light, the emotional utilization of light and shade (chiaroscuro) where the depiction seems to have a spotlight highlighting a part of it. The Night Watch by Rembrandt.
5. Paintings show dramatic and emotional moments, moments of victory or death. Where Renaissance art shows a scene in the moments before an action takes place. Baroque emphasized the very climax of the moment when the tension is most high. The Death of the Virgin by Caravaggio.
6. Sacred figures and saints in scriptural scenes and miracles depicted as ordinary people in everyday activities. The Supper at Emmaus by Caravaggio.
7. Baroque most compelling painter was Peter Paul Rubens, the painter known for his “Rubenesque” women, chunky women of stately proportions show in postures and light that render them beautiful in his oil paintings.
8. Subject matter included the life of Christ, the life of Mary, and the vital, passionate or moving scenes from the New Testament, such Paul’s vision of Jesus on the Road to Damascus.
Paintings in Catholic Europe Vs. Protestant Europe
Catholic Europe (Italy, France, Spain). Baroque-style religious painting. Taking an alternate way, not at all like the Mannerist era, Baroque painters depicted practical unidealized life in their works of art, stripped from grand symbolism or mythology, common people or even at times no people at all. The solid, controlled, romanticized established types of the Renaissance period did not change but rather human feelings were presented. Emotions and dramatic expressions were unmistakable on the visible on the faces of subjects in paintings and a heavy contrast between light and dark were also introduced. Painting nude art in puritanical Spain meant you risk excommunication, fine and exile, enforced by the Spanish Inquisition, and nude paintings were burnt. Italy was a special case, as it had been influenced by agnostic classical naked Greek and Roman sculptures.
Protestant Europe (Holland and England). Baroque non-religious (Still Lifes, landscapes or portraits). Some Dutch artists, for example, Rembrandt, painted religious works of art for imminent buyers. The Protestant regions, Holland, focused on regular daily existence, still life, and landscape, just a portion of the acclaimed artists adapted the magnificence of Baroque. Vermeer, for one, didn't partake.
The Birth of Still Life Painting.
At the end of the Renaissance, the art market was no longer constrained to the nobility and high-ranking clergy but extended to incorporate the affluent bourgeoisie and rising merchant class. This change encouraged the introduction of new subjects. The depiction of inanimate objects became a separate theme without human figures. This genre squired a dignity of its own thanks to the work of gifted artists and was soon much sought after by the new clients. During this time the still life genre developed throughout Europe, especially in the Netherlands and northern counties. With the decline of Italian influence and riches, Baroque went into decline also. France was turning into a greater player on the world stage and its principal decorative interest, Rococo, was becoming more popular and fashionable.
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Famous Baroque Art Movement Oil Painting Reproductions.
Baroque Art Movement Painters Biography & Painting Reproductions.
- Antropov, Aleksey Petrovich
- Avercamp, Hendrick
- Berckheyde, Gerrit Adriaensz
- Cagnacci, Guido
- Caravaggio, Michelangelo Merisi
- Carlevarijs, Luca
- Carracci, Agostino
- Carracci, Annibale
- Claesz, Pieter
- Cuyp, Aelbert
- De Vos, Cornelis
- Desportes, Alexandre François
- Dou, Gerrit
- Dujardin, Karel
- Gentileschi, Artemisia
- Giordano, Luca
- Hals, Frans
- Hals, Dirck
- Heda, Willem Claeszoon
- Heem, Jan Davidsz De
- Hobbema, Meindert
- Honthorst, Gerrit Van
- Jordaens, Jacob
- Kalf, Willem
- Le Brun, Charles
- Longhi, Pietro
- Lorrain, Claude
- Magnasco, Alessandro
- Manfredi, Bartolomeo
- Metsu, Gabriel
- Miranda, Juan Carreño De
- Murillo, Bartolome Esteban
- Poussin, Nicolas
- Rembrandt, Van Rijn
- Reni, Guido
- Ribera, Jusepe De
- Rubens, Peter Paul
- Snyders, Frans
- Steen, Jan
- Strozzi, Bernardo
- Van Der Ast, Balthasar
- Van Der Helst, Bartholomeus
- Van Dyck, Anthony
- Van Vliet, Hendrick Cornelisz
- Van Wittel, Caspar
- Velazquez, Diego
- Velde, Adriaen Van De
- Vermeer, Johannes
- Vroom, Hendrick Cornelisz
- Zurbaran, Francisco De