Art Nouveau Movement

France, 1890 - 1910

Art Nouveau Art Movement, History, Art Nouveau Paintings & Artists.

The Art Nouveau Movement and the Symbolism Movement were separate developments that came together in one piece. In the Art Nouveau movement, artists tried to convey modernity and tastefulness in composition and artistic design. Symbolists wanted to depict images from dreams, and Art Nouveau’s swirling lines and ethereal nature often provided a perfect backdrop.

The Art Nouveau movement came into being as designers, exhausted from the Neoclassic and the historic, wanted to move the present day era in a direction of modern design. They looked at design as more than a mere application of aesthetics and strove to merge usefulness, style, and design into a harmonious whole. This thought was referred to as "New Art," or Art Nouveau. This encompassing term was given to all art forms that used the principle from painting to architecture to what used to be known as crafts. Art Nouveau discouraged the idea that crafts were not art and embraced them as part of the movement. They hated the art community’s dismissal of craft as non-art and sought to cure it. This prompted Art Nouveau to become, to a greater degree, a craft-based form, being ousted by Art Deco not long after.

Celtic and Japanese art greatly influenced Art Nouveau.

Stylish design during its development was influenced by Asian craftsmanship, especially Japonism, Ukiyo-e prints, and beautiful woodblock prints. It emulated their level planes, distinguishable voids, and straightforward color plans. It was also influenced by La Tene's Celtic designs. These two far-flung societies that were influential shared a common theme, that of common components and lines and structures that flowed in the way of the natural world. Art Nouveau took on the swirls and spirals of Celtic and Asian fine art and consolidated them with geometric structures and present-day colors to create another style.

Another worry of the proponents of Art Nouveau was the quick vanishing of quality craftsmanship. The Industrial Revolution and large-scale manufacturing have prompted sloppily made reproductions of earlier collectibles. This artistic movement endeavored to restore pride in craftsmanship. They wanted to revive this in a new era of design that rejected frivolity and based the aesthetics of an object on how they contributed to the function of the object or if nothing else harmonized with it. Mass-created designs harmonized with Art Nouveau advantageously. Art Nouveau’s straightforward colors and two-dimensional profundity functioned admirably with present-day printing equipment. Many individuals mistake Art Nouveau for Art Deco as a result of its brief course of events in art history. A standout among the most well-known painters of this style of oil painting was Gustav Klimt. See the replica of his artwork.

Other notable Art Nouveau famous artists include James Ensor, Jan Toorop, Georges Lemmen, and Valentin Serov.

Adapted in part from

Famous Art Nouveau Movement Oil Painting Reproductions

Art Nouveau Movement Painters Biography & Painting Reproductions

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