Willem Roelofs Netherlands
3-10-1822 Amsterdam, NED - 5-12-1897 Berchem, NEDBack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
Willem Roelofs painter, water-colourist, etcher, lithographer and draughtsman. Roelofs was one of the forerunners of the Dutch Revival art, after the Romantic Classicism of the beginning of the 19th century, which led to the formation of The Hague school. His landscapes, especially the early ones with their dominating cloudy skies, demure bodies of water and populated with cattle, are typical for the School of Barbizon.
When Willem Roelofs was a young man his family moved to Utrecht and received lessons from the artist Abraham Hendrik Winter. In June 1839, they moved to The Hague so that the young Willem could study in the Academy for Visual Arts in that city and train in the atelier of H. G. van de Sande Bakhuyzen.
In 1847, Willem Roelofs was involved in the establishment of the artists society “The Hague Pulchri Studio”. In 1847, he left The Hague rather suddenly and went to live in Brussels where he remained until 1887. From 1866 up to 1869, he trained Hendrik Willem Mesdag, who would develop into one of the masters of The Hague school. In 1850, he was captivated by Barbizon in the Fontainebleau area of France. He returned there twice, in 1852 and 1855. He helped with the foundation of the Societé Belge Aquarellistes in Brussels in 1856.
He unmistakably provided the spiritual impulse for the painters of nature that would later dominate The Hague school. Beside painting, Willem Roelofs also occupied himself with entomology, where he specialized in beetles. In 1855, he founded the Belgian association for entomology, of which he became president in 1878. His extensive collection of Curculionidae became the basis of the entomological collection of beetles in the Natuurhistorisch Museum in Brussels. On his advice, Vincent van Gogh matriculated in autumn 1880 in Brussels.
Art Movement: Barbizon School
Influences: Hendrik Willem Mesdag, Hendrik van de Sande Bakhuyzen
Traveled: Belgium, France
Influenced: Hendrik Willem Mesdag, Paul Gabriël, Frans Smissaert, Willem de Famars Testas, Alexander Mollinger