Victor Gabriel Gilbert France

2-13-1847 Paris, FRA - 7-21-1933 Paris, FRA

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Gilbert, Victor Gabriel

Victor-Gabriel Gilbert was born February 13, 1847 in Paris, just shortly before the 1848 Revolution which brought about reforms in the Salon system that allowed more artists to introduce new work.
Since Victor Gabriel Gilbert’s parents did not have enough money to send him to the École des Beaux-Arts for training, he instead began working as an apprentice at thirteen to Eugène Adam, a painter decorator. At night he would also take lessons at the École de la Ville de Paris, which was his only form of official artistic training.
The mid-nineteenth and early twentieth century saw the introduction of art based on daily life, a depiction of everything from the street vendors to the homeless in and around France. The movement known as “Realism”.

Victor Gabriel Gilbert debuted at the Salon of 1873 with Les Apprêts du Diner (Preparing Dinner) and Avant le Bal (Before the Ball), just a year before the Impressionist group showed their paintings at the first “Impressionist” exhibition. During the mid 1870s Gilbert was supported financially by Père Martin who owned an art shop.

Early in his career Victor Gabriel Gilbert focused on still lifes but towards the end of the he turned more and more towards typical themes of Realism.  He became the painter of Les Halles, an area in Paris that still exists today but which then was a center for street vendors and markets.

Victor Gabriel Gilbert’s ability to capture different work activities and social types is another aspect of his style. By 1885 Gilbert had created a niche for himself and for his work in the realistic depiction of the aspects of Parisian life; he had also become popular with the State as not only was his 1880 painting purchased by them.
Art Movement: Realism
Influences: Eugène Adam
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