Salomon Van Ruysdael Netherlands
8-1602 Naarden, NED – 11-3-1670 Haarlem, NEDBack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
Salomon van Ruysdael was one of the main pioneers, with Jan van Goyen, of naturalistic landscape in the earlier 17th century in Holland. He was the father of the landscape painter Jacob Salomonz van Ruysdael, and the uncle of Jacob van Ruisdael, the most famous member of the family, whom he taught.
A prolific painter, Salomon van Ruysdael specialised throughout his life in river and estuary scenes, of which the earliest dated example is of 1626. His earlier paintings, like van Goyen's, are modest in theme and restricted in color, the later works becoming more elaborate.
Salomon van Ruysdael was the son of a woodworker specialized in making fancy ebony frames for mirrors and paintings. His father sent his sons Jacob and Salomon to learn Latin and medicine, and they both became landscape painters, specialized in ruis-daal, or trickling water through a dale, after their name.
Jacob was registered with the Haarlem Guild of St. Luke and signed his paintings, while Salomon van Ruysdael signed them much less often and was not a member for several years. Salomon van Ruysdael invented a way of creating sculpted ornaments that when they were polished, looked like polished marble. These were quite popular as a decoration on chests and picture frames, until the secret of their manufacture was discovered and widely copied.
Salomon van Ruysdael joined the Haarlem Guild of St. Luke in 1623 (as Salomon de Gooyer), and he became a follower of Jan Porcellis and Esaias van de Velde. He traveled from Haarlem to Leiden, Utrecht, Amersfoort, Alkmaar, Rhenen, and Dordrecht, painting landscapes and stately homes.
Art Movement: Dutch Golden Age
Influenced: Jacob Salomonz van Ruysdael, Jacob van Ruisdael