Robert Bruce Crane USA
1857 New York, USA – 10-30-1937 Bronxville, USABack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
Robert Bruce Crane joined the Lyme Art Colony in the early 1900s. His most active period, though, came after 1920, when for more than a decade he did oil sketches of woods, meadows, and hills. He developed into a Tonalist painter under the influence of Jean Charles Cazin at Grez-sur-Loing.
Crane’s mature works were nearly always fall and winter scenes. He usually painted in his studio in Bronxville, New York, where like many of the Tonalists he relied mostly on memories of his outdoor sketching experiences.
Bruce Crane's father, Solomon Crane, was an amateur artist himself and interested his son in the New York art scene from a young age. In hopes of starting a career in this field, he approached the famous artist Alexander Wyant and asked to start an apprenticeship with him. he declined the request. He spent the next year improving his skills before he showed his work to Wyant and began to work with him. They remained friends until Wyant's death.
Robert Bruce Crane began to then study at New York's Arts Student League and in 1876 he was featured for the first time in an exhibit at the National academy of design, submitting his painting called Old Swedish Church, Philadelphia. He soon began to paint locations of East Hampton and Long Island which would bring him praise and critical approval as well as a steady income.
He then left New York to study in France with Jean Charles Cazin, a well known French painter of the 19th century. He experienced success there but things were about to change.
Bruce Crane's first wife Jeanne Buchard Brainerd was institutionalized in an asylum. Bruce would marry Ann Brainered two years later, despite a 25-year age gap. They would have a daughter, also named Ann.
In 1909 he won a bronze medal at the Carnegie Institute exhibition for his work November Hills, showing that he was still a force to be reckoned with. Throughout the first two decades of the 20th century, Crane won at least 10 major national and international awards.
Art Movement: Tonalisim
Influences: Jean Charles Cazin, Alexander Wyant