Peder Severin Kroyer Biography | Oil Paintings
7-23-1851 Stavanger, NOR - 11-21-1909 Skagen, DENBack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
Peder Severin Krøyer was raised by his mother's sister, and brother-in-law, the Danish zoologist Henrik Nikolai Krøyer, after his mother was judged unfit to look after him and moved to Copenhagen soon afterward to live with his foster parents. At the age of nine he started his art education under a private teacher, and the next year he was sent to the Copenhagen Technical Institute.
In 1870 at the age of 19, Peder Severin Kroyer finished his studies with Frederik Vermehren at the Royal Danish Academy of Art. He debuted in 1871 his first painting at Charlottenborg, where he would exhibit all his life, with a portrait of his artist friend, Frans Schwartz. He. In 1873 he won the gold medal, and a scholarship to go with it.
In 1874 the art collector Heinrich Hirschsprung bought his first painting from Peder Severin Kroyer, establishing a long-standing patronage. Hirschsprung's collection of art forms the basis of the Hirschsprung Art Museum in Copenhagen.
Hirschsprung provided financial support during Kroyer travels between 1877 and 1881, Kroyer traveled in Europe, meeting artists, studying art, and developing his artistic skill and he continued exhibiting in Denmark throughout this period. He stayed in Paris and studied under Léon Bonnat, and came under the influence of the Impressionists. He continued to travel throughout his life, drawing motivation from foreign artists and cultures.
In 1882 he returned to Denmark and spent the summer months at Skagen, a remote fishing village on the northern coast of Denmark, painting subjects from life in Skagen, the beach scene, as well as paintings of the artistic commune.
Peder Severin Kroyer liked Skagen and for years he would return every summer, dividing his time between a rented house there, a winter apartment and studio in Copenhagen where he worked on his commissioned portraits, and foreign travel.
The last ten years of his life Kroyer's eyesight began to fail him until he became blind. Being an optimist, he painted almost to the end and painted some of his last masterpieces while half-blind, joking that the eyesight in his one working eye was better than in both eyes.
Art Movement: Impressionism.
Artists Influencing Peder Severin Kroyer: Frederik Vermehren, Leon Bonnat.
He Traveled To Denmark, France, Germany.
Artist's Biography compiled by Albert L. Mansour at The World's Artist, with text adapted from Wikipedia.