Peder Severin Krøyer Denmark
7-23-1851 Stavanger, NOR - 11-21-1909 Skagen, DENBack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
Peder Severin Krøyer was born in Stavanger, Norway to Ellen Cecilie Gjesdal. He was raised by Gjesdal's sister, Bertha Cecilie and brother-in-law, the Danish zoologist Henrik Nikolai Krøyer, after his mother was judged unfit to care for him. Krøyer moved to Copenhagen to live with his foster parents soon afterward. Having begun his art education at the age of nine under private tutelage, he was enrolled in Copenhagen's Technical Institute the following year.
In 1870 at the age of 19 Peder Severin Krøyer completed his studies at the Royal Danish Academy of Art, where he had studied with Frederik Vermehren. In 1873 he was awarded the gold medal, as well as a scholarship.
His official debut as a painter was in 1871 at Charlottenborg with a portrait of a friend, the painter Frans Schwartz. He exhibited regularly at Charlottenborg throughout his life.
In 1874 Heinrich Hirschsprung bought his first painting from Peder Severin Krøyer , establishing a long-standing patronage. Hirschsprung's collection of art forms the basis of the Hirschsprung Museum in Copenhagen. Hirschsprung provided financial support during the early travels, and Krøyer continued exhibiting in Denmark throughout this period.
Between 1877 and 1881, Krøyer travelled extensively in Europe, meeting artists, studying art, and developing his skills and outlook. He stayed in Paris and studied under Léon Bonnat, and undoubtedly came under the influence of contemporary impressionists.
He continued to travel throughout his life, constantly drawing inspiration from foreign artists and cultures.
In 1882 he returned to Denmark. He spent June–October at Skagen, then a remote fishing village on the northern tip of Denmark, painting themes from local life, as well as depictions of the artistic community there.
Peder Severin Krøyer divided his time between rented houses in Skagen during the summer, a winter apartment in Copenhagen where he worked on his large commissioned portraits, and travel outside of the country.
Krøyer's eyesight failed him gradually over the last ten years of his life until he was totally blind. Ever the optimist, he painted almost to the end, in spite of health obstacles. In fact, he painted some of his last masterpieces while half-blind, joking that the eyesight in his one working eye had become better with the loss of the other eye.
Influences: Frederik Vermehren
Traveled: Denmark, France, Germany