Buonarroti Michelangelo Italy
3-6-1475 Caprese, ITA - 2-18-1564 Rome, ITABack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni, painter, sculptor and poet, architect, and engineer one of the greatest artists of the High Renaissance and a forerunner of Mannerism.
Michelangelo was raised in Florence, where he trained briefly under Ghirlandaio. Soon his obvious talent brought him to the notice of important patrons. By 1490, he was producing sculpture for Lorenzo di Medici and, a few years later, he began his long association with the papacy.
Michelangelo’s fame proved a double-edged sword. He was often inveigled into accepting huge commissions, which either lasted years or went unfinished. The most notorious of these projects was the Tomb of Julius II, which occupied the artist for over 40 years. Michelangelo always considered himself primarily a sculptor, and he was extremely reluctant to take on the decoration of the Sistine Chapel. Fortunately, he was persuaded, and the resulting frescoes are among the greatest creations in Western art. The ceiling alone took four years (1508–12), while the Last Judgment (1536–41) was added later on the altar wall.
In these, Michelangelo displayed the sculptural forms and the terribiliui (‘awesome power’), which made him the most revered artist of his time he has since also been described as one of the greatest artists of all time.
Art Movement: Renaissance, Mannerism
Influences: Giotto di Bondone, Masaccio, Domenico Ghirlandaio
Influenced: Francesco Granacci, Raphael