Karel Dujardin Netherlands

9-27-1622 Amsterdam, NED – 11-20-1678 Venice, ITA

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Dujardin, Karel

Karel Dujardin was a Dutch painter and etche. Typical of his landscape paintings is Farm Animals in the Shade of a Tree at the National Gallery, London. Although he did a few portraits and a few history paintings of religious subjects, most of his work is small Italianate landscape scenes with animals and peasants, and other genre scenes. 

He was born in a family of fat renderers and meat cutters. His mother was from Antwerp, his father was born in Middelburg. In 1638 his parents went bankrupt. After supposedly training with Nicolaes Berchem, the young Dujardin went to Italy, and joined the Bentvueghels group of painters in Rome, among whom he was known as "Barba di Becco", "goat-beard", or Bokkebaart. Here he encountered his first artistic successes.

While in Lyon in France, he contracted considerable debts, and married his older landlady to free himself of them. He went with her to Amsterdam, where his pictures were valued very highly. In 1675, he returned to Rome, on an invitation from his friend Joan Reynst and was welcomed by his old friends and admirers. Renst and Karel Dujardin went on a Grand Tour to other Italian cities, but when Reynst went back to Amsterdam, Dujardin remained in Italy, and gave him a message for his wife that he would follow soon.

He traveled on to Venice but died there unexpectedly in 1678. According to his friend Johannes Glauber, who he had met previously in Rome, he was painting for a Dutch merchant in Venice when he suddenly became ill. Though he seemed to recover, his stomach was too full and he died of food poisoning.

Movement: Dutch Golden Age, Baroque
Influences: Nicolaes Berchem
Traveled: Italy, France
Influenced: Jacob II, Martinus Laeckman, Erick van den Weerelt
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