Jules Pascin Bulgaria
3-31-1885 Vidin, BUL – 6-5-1930 Paris, FRABack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
Jules Pascin was born Julius Mordecai Pincas in Bulgaria, to a Sephardic Jewish family of a grain merchant Marcus Pincas. The family spoke Judaeo-Spanish at home. His early artistic training was in Vienna and Munich. At the age of 20 in 1905, he adopted the pseudonym Pascin (an anagram of Pincas).
In December 1905 Jules Pascin moved to Paris, becoming part of the great migration of artists to that city at the start of the 20th century. In 1907 Pascin met Hermine Lionette Cartan David, also a painter, and they became lovers. They lived together until Pascin left for the United States on October 3, 1914, after the beginning of World War I. A few weeks later on October 31, Hermine David sailed for the United States to join Pascin.
Pascin and David lived in the United States from 1914 to 1920, sitting out World War I. He and David painted in New York City, where she had an exhibit, as well as in Miami, New Orleans and Cuba. Pascin became a naturalized United States citizen.
Jules Pascin studied the art of drawing at the Académie Colarossi and, like Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, he drew upon his surroundings and his friends, both male and female, as subjects. He wanted to become a serious painter, but in time he became deeply depressed over his inability to achieve critical success with his efforts.
During the 1920s, Jules Pascin mostly painted fragile petites filles, prostitutes waiting for clients, or models waiting for the sitting to end. His fleetingly rendered paintings sold readily, but the money he made was quickly spent. Famous as the host of numerous large parties in his flat, whenever he was invited elsewhere for dinner, he arrived with as many bottles of wine as he could carry.
According to his biographer, "Scarcely had he chosen his table at the Dôme or the Sélect than he would be surrounded by five or six friends; at nine o'clock, when we got up to dinner, we would be 20 in all"
Jules Pascin struggled with depression and alcoholism he committed suicide at the age of 45 on the eve of a prestigious solo show. He slit his wrists and hanged himself in his studio in Montmartre. On the wall he left a message written in blood, to a former lover, Cecile (Lucy) Vidil Krohg. In his last will and testament, Pascin left his estate equally to his wife, Hermine David, and his mistress Lucy Krohg.
On the day of Pascin’s funeral, thousands of acquaintances from the artistic community along with dozens of waiters and bartenders from the restaurants and saloons Pascin had frequented, all dressed in black, walked behind his coffin the three miles from his studio to the Cimetière de Saint-Ouen.
Art Movement: Expressionism
Traveled: Austria, Germany, USA, Hungary