Juan Carreño De Miranda Spain
3-25-1614 Avilés, ESP - 10-3-1685 Madrid, ESPBack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
Juan Carreño de Miranda was born in Avilés in Asturias, son of a painter with the same name, Juan Carreño de Miranda. His family moved to Madrid in 1623, and he trained in Madrid during the late 1620s as an apprentice to Pedro de Las Cuevas and Bartolomé Román.
Juan Carreño de Miranda came to the notice of Velázquez for his work in the cloister of Doña María de Aragón and in the church of El Rosario. In 1658 Carreño was hired as an assistant on a royal commission to paint frescoes in the Alcázar of Madrid, which was destroyed in a fire in 1734. In 1671, upon the death of Sebastian de Herrera, he was appointed court painter to the queen and began to paint primarily portraits. His main pupils were Mateo Cerezo, Cabezalero, Donoso, Ledesma y Sotomayor.
Juan Carreño de Miranda was a noble by descent, he had an understanding of the workings and psychology of the royal court as no painter before him, making his portraits of the Spanish royal family in an unprecedented documentary fashion.
Art Movement: Baroque
Influences: Pedro de las Cuevas, Bartolomé Román, Velázquez, Van Dyck, Rubens
Influenced: Juan Martín Cabezalero, Mateo Cerezo, José Jiménez Donoso