José Benlliure Y Gil Spain

1-16-1858 Valencia, ESP – 3-9-1937 Valencia, ESP

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Gil, José Benlliure Y

José Benlliure Y Gil began his studies at the age of fourteen in the School of San Carlos, where he had as his teacher Francisco Martínez Marqués. He was one of the select circle pensioned by the Spanish government for residence in Italy and executed several state orders for the decoration of public buildings; but José Benlliure owes his chief fame to his large historical paintings, notably the "Vision in the Coliseum." He became the leader of the Spanish art colony in Rome, where he practiced as painter and sculptor. In his beginnings he dedicated himself to genre painting, but later, advised by the Italian painter Domenico Morelli, he performed works of greater importance, such as St. Vincent Ferrer preaching about the final judgment.

In Italy he painted small genre paintings, and begins in the city of Assisi on the View of the Coliseum, a painting he won a first prize in the National exhibition of 1887, together with his brother, the sculptor Mariano Benlliure, who presented the award winning sculpture of the painter Josep de Ribera. In 1888 he traveled to Algeria and in 1897 to Morocco.

José Benlliure obtained several successes in Paris, Munich, Stuttgart and Berlin with his paintings. In 1903 he assumed leadership of the Spanish Academy in Rome, succeeding his brother Marian, a position he would keep for ten years.

He was also the father of painter Josep Benlliure i Ortiz, known as Peppino. In late 1919 the pensioners he surrendered a tribute to Rome with an exhibition of 45 paintings in Madrid in their halls of Theatre Royal. When he returns to Valencia he was made director of the Museu de Belles Arts de València, a position he hold until 1924.

Art Movement: Art Nouveau
Influences: Francisco Domingo Marqués
Traveled: Italy, France, Germany, Algeria, Morocco
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