Johan Barthold Jongkind Netherlands

6-3-1819 Lattrop, NED – 2-9-1891 Grenoble, FRA

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Jongkind, Johan Barthold

In 1846 Johan Barthold Jongkind moved to the Montmartre quarter of Paris, France where he studied under Eugène Isabey and Francois-Edouard Picot. Two years later, the Paris Salon accepted his work for its exhibition, and he received acclaim from critics. He was to experience little success, however, and he suffered bouts of depression complicated by alcoholism.

Johan Barthold Jongkind returned to live in Rotterdam in 1855, and remained there until 1860. Back in Paris, in 1861 he rented a studio on the rue de Chevreuse in Montparnasse where some of his paintings began to show glimpses of the Impressionist style to come. In 1862 he met in Normandy with some of his artist friends, such as Alfred Sisley, Eugène Boudin, and the young Claude Monet, to all of whom Jongkind served as a mentor. In 1863 Jongkind exhibited at the first Salon des Refusés. He was invited to participate in the first exhibition of the Impressionist group in 1874, but he declined.

In 1878, Johan Barthold Jongkind and his companion Joséphine Fesser moved to live in the small town of La Côte-Saint-André near Grenoble in the Isère département in the southeast of France where he died in 1891.

Johan Barthold Jongkind's most frequent subject was the marine landscape, which he painted both in the Netherlands and in France. Many of his works depict the Seine, particularly the area near Notre-Dame Cathedral. Like the 17th-century Dutch landscape painters of the Golden Age of Dutch painting, he typically composed his landscapes with a low horizon, allowing the sky to dominate.

Movement: Impressionism
Influences: Eugène Isabey, François-Édouard Picot
Traveled: France, Netherlands
Influenced: Alfred Sisley, Eugène Boudin, Claude Monet
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