Jean Leon Gérôme France

5-11-1824 Vesoul, FRA - 1-10-1904 Paris, FRA

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Gérôme, Jean Leon

Jean Leon Gérômeis considered one of the most important painters from this academic period, and in addition to being a painter, he was also a teacher with a long list of students. The range of his oeuvre included historical painting, Greek mythology, Orientalism, portraits, and other subjects, bringing the Academic painting tradition to an artistic climax.

He went to Paris in 1840 where he studied under Paul Delaroche, whom he accompanied to Italy (1843–44). He visited Florence, Rome, the Vatican and Pompeii, but he was more attracted to the world of nature. On his return, he entered the atelier of Charles Gleyre and studied there for a brief time. He then attended the Ecole des Beaux-Arts.
 
In 1852, Jean Leon Gérôme received a commission to the court of Napoleon III, for the painting of a large historical canvas, the Age of Augustus. Thanks to a considerable down payment, he was able to travel in 1853 to Constantinople. This would be the first of several travels to the East: in 1854 he made another journey to Greece and Turkey.

In 1854, he completed another important commission of decorating the Chapel of St. Jerome in the church of St. Séverin in Paris.
 
In 1856, he visited Egypt for the first time. This would herald the start of many orientalist paintings depicting Arab religion, genre scenes and North African landscapes.
 
Jean Leon Gérôme's reputation was greatly enhanced at the Salon of 1857 by a collection of works of a more popular kind: the Duel: after the Masked Ball, Egyptian Recruits crossing the Desert, Memnon and Sesostris and Camels Watering.

Jean Leon Gérôme was elected, on his fifth attempt, a member of the Institut de France in 1865. Already a knight in the Légion d'honneur, he was promoted to an officer in 1867. In 1869, he was elected an honorary member of the British Royal Academy. His fame had become such that he was invited, to the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869.
He was appointed as one of the three professors at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. He started with sixteen students, most who had come over from his own studio.
 
Art Movement: Orientalisn, Academic
Influences: Paul Delaroche, Charles Gleyre
Traveled: Italy, Turkey, Greece, Egypt, Prussia, England
From Wikipedia

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