Jean Jacques Henner France

3-15-1829 Bernwiller, FRA – 7-23-1905 Paris, FRA

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Henner, Jean Jacques

Jean Jacques Henner began his studies in art as a pupil of Michel-Martin Drolling and François-Édouard Picot. In 1848, he entered the École des Beaux Arts in Paris, and took the Prix de Rome with a painting of Adam and Eve finding the Body of Abel in 1858. In Rome, he was guided by Flandrin, and painted four pictures for the gallery at Colmar among other works.

Jean Jacques Henner then began his career at the Salon with success, combining orders of portraits and purchases by the State. He first exhibited Bather Asleep at the Salon in 1863. At the Salon of 1865, Henner was awarded a medal with his last consignment from Rome, Chaste Susanna (1865), now in the Musée d'Orsay. Later, the art of Jean-Jacques Henner becomes especially emblematic by his representations of reddish women, naked, located in scarcely sketched landscapes like Les Naïades, L'Eglogue 'or even his sleeping Nymph.

The Levite of the Tribe of Ephraim (1898) was awarded a first-class medal. Among other professional distinctions, Jean Jacques Henner also took a Grand Prix for painting at the Paris Exposition Universelle of 1900. He was made Chevalier of the Legion of Honor in 1873, Officer in 1878, and Commander in 1889. In 1889, he succeeded Cabanel in the Institut de France.

Jean Jacques Henner had numerous pupils; among them the Romanian artist Dimitrie Serafim. From 1874 to 1889, organized with Carolus-Duran, what he called "the studio of the ladies" for women were not allowed entry to the École des Beaux-Arts. Some also served as his models. One of these was Dorothy Tennant who later married Henry Morton Stanley. Suzanne Valadon also worked as one of his models.

Movement: Victorian Classicism
Influences: Michel-Martin Drolling, François-Édouard Picot, Flandrin
Influenced: Dimitrie Serafim, Louise Abbéma, Juana Romani, Octavie Paul, Marie-Louise Petiet, Léonie de Bazelaire
Traveled: Italy
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