Jacob Grimmer Netherlands

1526 Antwerp, BEL – 5-2-1590 Antwerp, BEL

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Jacob Grimmer rural scenes and landscapes of views around Antwerp marked an important development in 16th century Flemish landscape painting. His work influenced the next generation of Flemish landscape painters.
 
Both Pieter Lastman and his famous pupil, Rembrandt, owned landscapes by Grimmer. Rembrandt's inventory of 1656 included a winter landscape by Jacob Grimmer.
 
Jacob Grimmer has often been regarded as an imitator of Pieter Brueghel the Elder who recreated Brueghel's artistic innovations on small panels and supplied these to the market at low prices. Grimmer's landscapes did at the same time constitute a further development in the landscape genre.
 
Grimmer's work stands out in its ability to provide a simple and sincere view of everyday life. In this attention for rural life Grimmer's work shows a parallel with the landscapes ascribed to the Master of the Small Landscapes which were first published around 1560 and signaled a move away from the world landscape with its religious scenes towards an engagement with the real life in the countryside. Unlike Pieter Brueghel the Elder who had a grim view of peasants, Grimmer held a much sunnier view of peasant life than did his fellow painter.
 
Jacob Grimmer extant pictures show explicit connection to the region around Antwerp. Some of his views of Antwerp adhere to the “town-and-country” format, a kind of combination of a rural view with a city view.

Grimmer's work was influential on the next generation of Flemish landscape painters including his son Abel as well as Gillis van Coninxloo, Jan Brueghel the Younger and Jan Wildens.

As was common practice in the Antwerp art sector, Jacob Grimmer often collaborated with other specialist artists.
 
Art Movement: Northern Renaissance
Influences: Matthys Cock, Christian van den Queborn
Influenced: Rembrandt, Gillis van Coninxloo, Jan Brueghel the Younger, Jan Wildens
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