Ivan Fedorovich Choultsé Russia

5-5-1877 Petrograd, RUS – 1-16-1932 Paris, FRA

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Ivan Fedorovich Choultsé was a Russian landscape painter, who painted realistic landscapes and excelled in the depicting of winter landscapes. He was court painter of Czar Nicholas II

Ivan Fedorovich Choultsé was born in Petrograd, Russia. His family name had the German origin Schultze. He studied art with Russian court painter Constantin Krighitsky, and exhibited his works for the first time in Russia at the Fine Art Academy in St. Petersburg in year 1903.

Later he became court painter too. After the Revolution in 1923 Ivan Fedorovich Choultsé emigrated to France where he settled in Paris. Here he chose to use the French version of his name, Choultsé. In 1923 he displayed his first work at the Salon des Artistes Français where he not only attracted great attention but was ranked among the most prominent Salon artists. Demand for his work was increasing and his first one-man show in Paris, held at the Galleries Gerald Freres, sold out on opening day. Similar success was seen at his first one-man show in London, where all his works sold within the first six days. With this newly earned success, he was encouraged to travel abroad to explore a varied array of landscapes. Traveling throughout Europe, Asia, North Africa and the Arctic regions he was able to devote a considerable amount of time to the study of nature and the characterization of her light.

Although Ivan Fedorovich Choultsé continued to paint Russian scenes whilst in Paris, he also undertook several trips to Switzerland's Engadine. He was fascinated with the mountainous landscape of the area surrounding St. Moritz, especially in the winter.

He painted spectacular snow scenes in which the light seems to come from behind the canvas and glow. The critics scorned these pictures as photographic and called them non-art – but today this style of painting is called "magic-realism" and is much admired by critics and museum people.

Art Movement: Realism
Influences: Constantin Krighitsky
Traveled: France, England, Switzerland, Asia, North Africa
From Wikipedia

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