Herbert Gustave Schmalz England
4-1856 Ryton on Tyne, ENG – 1-16-1935 London, ENGBack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
Herbert Gustave Schmalz was born in England as the son of a German father and an English mother. He received conventional education in painting, first at the South Kensington Art School and later at the Royal Academy of Arts, where he studied with Frank Dicksee, Stanhope Forbes and Arthur Hacker. He perfected his studies in Antwerp at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts.
After his return to London he lived in the Kensington area of London, and was friends with Frederic Leighton, marrying the sister of Dorothy Dene, a favorite model for Leighton. Herbert Gustave Schmalz made a name for himself as a history painter, with a style influenced by the Pre-Raphaelites and orientalism. In 1884 he successfully exhibited his painting Too Late at the Royal Academy. After a voyage to Jerusalem in 1890 he made a series of paintings with New Testament topics, with Return from Calvary (1891) one of the best known.
After 1895 Herbert Gustave Schmalz increasingly painted portraits. In 1900 he held a big solo exhibition named "A Dream of Fair Women" in the Fine Art Society in Bond Street.
Herbert Gustave Schmalz was friends with William Holman Hunt, Val Prinsep and Frederic Leighton. In 1918, after Germany was defeated in World War I, he changed his name to Herbert Gustave Carmichael.
Art Movement: Pre-Raphaelites
Influences: Frank Dicksee, Stanhope Forbes, Arthur Hacker