Henry Mosler Poland
6-6-1841 Tropplowitz, POL – 4-21-1920 New York, USABack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
Henry Mosler was born in Poland, on the Czech border and moved with his family to New York in 1849, when he was 8 years old. In 1851, the family relocated to Cincinnati, Ohio, the site of a substantial German-Jewish community.
As with most Jews in the North, Henry Mosler was a strong Union supporter, and Harper's Weekly served as an important voice for the Union forces. He was an aide-de-camp with the army of Ohio from 1861-1863, and published 34 drawings in Harper's, 18 of them depicting the Kentucky and Ohio Campaign in 1862.
In 1863 Mosler went to Düsseldorf, where for almost three years he was at the Royal Academy, and studied under Heinrich Mücke and Albert Kindler; he subsequently went to Paris, where he studied for six months under Ernest Hébert.
He returned to Cincinnati in 1866, where received numerous portrait commissions. Henry Mosler also created the first painting for which he received a significant degree of recognition, "The Lost Cause," which he exhibited at the National Academy of Design in 1868.
In 1874, Mosler returned to France, having married Sara Cahn of Cincinnati in 1869. He studied for three years under Carl Theodor von Piloty in Munich, where he won a medal at the Royal Academy. In 1877, he moved to France. While living in Brittany, he painted "The Quadroon Girl" and "Early Cares," both of which were accepted by the Salon of 1879.
His "Le Retour," from the Paris Salon of 1879, was the first American painting ever bought for the Luxembourg Palace. He received a silver medal at the Salons in Paris 1889, and gold medals at Paris, 1888, and Vienna, 1893.
In 1894 he moved his family to New York, opening a studio in Carnegie Hall. Henry Mosler served as an associate in the National Academy of Design, and continued painting well into the 20th century. He died of heart failure at the age of 78.
His son, Gustave Henry Mosler was also an artist. His granddaughter, Audrey Skirball-Kenis was a philanthropist in Los Angeles, and founder of the Skirball Cultural Center.
Art Movement: Realism
Influences: James Henry Beard, Heinrich Mücke, Ernest Hébert
Traveled: USA, Germany, France, Austria