Gustave Moreau France
4-6-1826 Paris, FRA - 4-18-1898 Paris, FRABack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
Gustave Moreau initially studied under the guidance of François-Édouard Picot and became a friend of Théodore Chassériau, whose work strongly influenced his own. Moreau had a 25-year personal relationship, possibly romantic, with Adelaide-Alexandrine Dureux, a woman whom he drew several times. His first painting was a Pietà which is now located in the cathedral at Angoulême. He showed A Scene from the Song of Songs and The Death of Darius in the Salon of 1853. In 1853 he contributed Athenians with the Minotaur and Moses Putting Off his Sandals within Sight of the Promised Land to the Great Exhibition.
Oedipus and the Sphinx, one of his first symbolist paintings, was exhibited at the Salon of 1864. Gustave Moreau quickly gained a reputation for eccentricity. The painting currently resides in the permanent collection at the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Gustave Moreau became a professor at Paris' École des Beaux-Arts in 1891 and among his many students were fauvist painters Henri Matisse and Georges Rouault. Jules Flandrin, Theodor Pallady and Léon Printemps also studied with Moreau.
During his lifetime, Gustave Moreau produced more than 8,000 paintings, watercolors and drawings, many of which are on display in Paris' Musée national Gustave Moreau. The museum is in his former workshop, and began operation in 1903. Gustave Moreau can be considered a precursor of Surrealism.
Art Movement: Symbolism
Influences: François-Édouard Picot
Influenced: Henri Matisse, Georges Rouault, Jules Flandrin, Theodor Pallady, Léon Printemps