Giuseppe De Nittis Italy
2-5-1846 Barletta, ITA – 8-21-1884 Saint-Germain-en-Laye, FRABack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
Giuseppe De Nittis was expelled in 1863 from the Instituto di Belle Arti in Naples for insubordination, he launched his career with the exhibition of two paintings at the 1864 Neapolitan Promotrice. De Nittis came into contact with some of the artists known as the Macchiaioli, becoming friends with Telemaco Signorini, and exhibiting in Florence.
In 1867 Giuseppe De Nittis moved to Paris and entered into a contract with the art dealer Adolphe Goupil which called for him to produce salable genre works. After gaining some visibility by exhibiting at the Salon he returned to Italy where, now free to paint from nature, he produced several views of Vesuvius.
In 1872 Giuseppe De Nittis returned to Paris and, no longer under contract to Goupil, achieved a success at the Salon with his painting Che freddo! (Freezing!) of 1874. In that same year he was invited to exhibit at the first Impressionist exhibition, held at Nadar's. The invitation came from Edgar Degas, who was a friend of several Italian artists residing in Paris. De Nittis was not accepted by all of the Impressionists, and did not participate in their subsequent exhibitions.
A trip to London resulted in a number of Impressionistic paintings. In 1875 De Nittis took up pastels, which became an important medium for him in his remaining years and which he helped popularize. Back in Paris, where his home was a favorite gathering place for Parisian writers and artists, as well as expatriate Italians.
De Nittis exhibited twelve paintings in The Exposition Universelle of 1878, and was awarded a gold medal. In that same year he received the Légion d’honneur. In 1884, at the age of 38, Giuseppe De Nittis died suddenly of a stroke.
Art Movement: Impressionism
Influences: Giovanni Battista Calò
Traveled: France, England