Giovanni Fattori Italy
9-6-1825 Livorno, ITA – 8-30-1908 Florence, ITABack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
Giovanni Fattori Biography & Art Reproduction Paintings
Giovanni Fattori early education was rudimentary and his family initially planned for him to study for a qualification in commerce, but his skill in drawing persuaded them to apprentice him in 1845 to Giuseppe Baldini. The following year he moved to Florence where he first studied under Giuseppe Bezzuoli and, later in the year, at the Accadèmia di Belli Arti.
Giovanni Fattori's development to maturity as a painter was unusually slow. His first paintings, few of which survive, date from the early 1850s. Around 1857 Enrico Pollastrini, another pupil of Giuseppe Bezzuoli, introduced him to the style of Ingres. This had some impact on Fattori's historical paintings. Several of these artists would discover the work of the painters of the Barbizon school while visiting Paris for the Exposition of 1855, and would bring back to Italy an enthusiasm for the then-novel practice of painting outdoors, directly from nature.
In 1859 he won the competition for a patriotic battle scene, After the battle of Magenta. The financial reward allowed him to marry Settimia Vannucci in July 1859 and to settle in Florence.
Late in 1866 he moved to a new and larger studio in Florence, to accommodate his larger historical canvases, as he still received commissions for epic battle scenes from the Italian unification.
Working together with the painter Giuseppe Abbati on the same themes, he painted a number of landscapes en plein air and studies of rustic life and peasants working in market gardens.
The painter started giving private painting lessons and, from 1869, Giovanni Fattori taught twice weekly at the Florentine Academy where one of his late students was Amedeo Modigliani. However, he experienced financial difficulties, as his battle scenes found few purchasers. When he was unable to pay his taxes, his property in Florence was confiscated; this and a broken kneecap further depressed him.
In 1891 Giovanni Fattori married for the second time, this time with his companion Marianna Bigozzi Martinelli. Despite the modest income his work provided, he lived in poverty. Financial trouble and rising debt forced him again to give private tuition. Lack of money to buy frames prevented him from participating in the exhibition in Dresden in 1896. Bio From Wikipedia
Art Movement: Barbizon, Macchiaioli
Influences: Giuseppe Baldini, Giuseppe Bezzuoli, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
Influenced: Amedeo Modigliani