Franz Von Stuck Germany

2-23-1863 Tettenweis, GER – 8-30-1928 Munich, GER

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Stuck, Franz Von

Franz von Stuck to begin his artistic education he relocated in 1878 to Munich, where he would settle for life. From 1881 to 1885 Stuck attended the Munich Academy. In 1892 Franz von Stuck co-founded the Munich Secession, and also executed his first sculpture, Athlete. The next year he won further acclaim with the critical and public success of what is now his most famous work, the painting The Sin. In 1895 he began teaching painting at the Munich Academy.

Having attained much fame by this time, Franz von Stuck was ennobled on December 9, 1905 and would receive further public honors from around Europe during the remainder of his life. He continued to be well respected among young artists as professor at the Munich Academy, even after his artistic styles became unfashionable. Notable students of his over the years include Paul Klee, Hans Purrmann, Wassily Kandinsky, Alf Bayrle and Josef Albers.

Franz von Stuck's subject matter was primarily from mythology, inspired by the work of Arnold Böcklin. His seductive female nudes are a prime example of popular Symbolist content.

The number of Franz von Stuck's pupils who achieved great success served to enhance the teacher's own fame. Yet by the time of his death, Stuck's importance as an artist in his own right had almost been forgotten: his art seemed old-fashioned and irrelevant to a generation which had endured World War I. Stuck's reputation languished until the late 1960s when a renewed interest in Art Nouveau brought him to attention once more.

In this connection it is worth noting that Franz von Stuck made frequent use of the image of a woman wrapped by a serpent, a bondage image; Hitler was well known to be attracted to images of women in confinement. A British Intelligence report compiled on him noted that he appeared to only enjoy circus acts if they involved situations where a woman appeared to be in peril.

One of Franz von Stuck's best-known paintings The Wild Chase depicts Wotan (Odin) on horseback leading a procession of the dead. It was completed about 1889, the year of Hitler's birth, and it has acquired a kind of semi-legendary status as the face of Wotan in the painting greatly resembles Hitler's.

Art Movement: Symbolism, Art Nouveau
Influences: Arnold Böcklin
Traveled: France, USA
Influenced: Paul Klee, Hans Purrmann, Wassily Kandinsky, Alf Bayrle, Josef Albers
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