Frans Snyders Belgium
11-11-1579 Antwerp, BEL – 8-19-1657 Antwerp, BELBack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
Frans Snyders or Frans Snijders was a Flemish painter of animals, hunting scenes, market scenes and still lifes. He was one of the earliest specialist animaliers and he is credited with initiating a wide variety of new still-life and animal subjects in Antwerp. He was a regular collaborator with leading Antwerp painters such as Peter Paul Rubens, Anthony van Dyck and Jacob Jordaens.
Frans Snyders was recorded as a student of Pieter Brueghel the Younger in 1593, and subsequently received instruction from Hendrick van Balen, the first master of Anthony van Dyck. He was a friend of van Dyck who painted Snyders and his wife more than once.
He was appointed principal painter to the Archduke Albert of Austria, governor of the Low Countries, for whom he executed some of his finest works. One of these, a Stag-Hunt was presented to Philip III of Spain, who together with his successor Philip IV of Spain, commissioned the artist to paint several subjects of the chase, which are still preserved in Spain.
Frans Snyders initially devoted himself to painting flowers, fruit and subjects of still life, but later turned to painting animals, and executed with the greatest skill and spirit hunting pieces and combats of wild animals. He was one of the earliest specialist animaliers.
His expressiveness and ability to render different textures of furs and skins excited the admiration of Rubens. Rubens frequently employed him to paint animals, fruit and still life in his own pictures. Frans Snyders developed a particularly close collaborative relationship with Rubens between 1610 and 1640. In the early period of their collaboration, Rubens would paint an oil sketch of the complete composition and mark out clearly where Snyders would have to put is contribution. This has been documented for the painting The recognition of Philopoemen. It is possible that in this early period Rubens was not sure about Snyders’ compositional skills and wanted to show him the way. In the later Prometheus bound the process was reversed and Snyders made a sketch leaving the space for the figure by Rubens. The recognition of Philopoemen is considered the first Baroque still life with figures.
Art Movement: Baroque Art
Influences: Pieter Brueghel the Younger, Hendrick van Balen
Traveled: Italy, Spain
Influenced: Nicasius Bernaerts, Peter van Boucle, Juriaen Jacobsze, Jan Roos, Paul de Vos. Jan Fyt, Peter van Boucle