Frank Duveneck USA

10-9-1848 Covington, USA - 1-3-1919 Cincinnati, USA

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Duveneck, Frank

Frank Duveneck, U.S. painter, sculptor, and art teacher who helped awaken American interest in European naturalism.

His work, at first ignored in Covington, attracted great attention when shown at the Boston Art Club in 1875, and pupils flocked to him in Germany and Italy, where he made long visits. At age 21 Frank Duveneck studied in Germany with Wilhelm Dietz at the Munich Academy and was greatly influenced by the works of Frans Hals, Rembrandt, and Peter Paul Rubens. At the age of 27 he was a celebrated artist. In 1878, Duveneck opened a school in Munich, and in the village of Polling in Bavaria. His students, known as the "Duveneck Boys", included John Twachtman, Otto Bacher, Julius Rolshoven, and John White Alexander.

In 1886, Frank Duveneck married one of his students who was much admired by Henry James, Boston-born Elizabeth Boott. They lived in Villa Castellani in Florence (where she had been raised) for two years. After returning from Italy to America, he gave some attention to sculpture, and modeled a fine monument to his wife, now in the Cimitero Evangelico agli Allori in Florence. Despite this activity, Elizabeth's death marked a slowing in his productivity; a wealthy man, he chose to lead a life of relative obscurity. He lived in Covington until his death in 1919 and taught at the Art Academy of Cincinnati, where some pupils of note were Ida Holterhoff Holloway, John Christen Johansen, M. Jean McLane, Edward Charles Volkert, Russel Wright, and Herman and Bessie Wessel.

In 1905 he was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Associate member, and became a full Academician in 1906.

Art Movement: Realism
Influences: Johann Schmitt, Wilhelm von Diez, Wilhelm Leibl
Traveled: Germany, Italy
Influenced: John Twachtman, Otto Bacher, Julius Rolshoven, John White Alexander.
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