Emile Claus Biography | Oil Painting Reproductions
9-27-1849 West-Flanders, BEL – 6-14-1924 Astene, BELBack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
As a child, Emile Claus loved drawing would walk three kilometers on foot to the Academy of Waregem to learn how to draw every Sunday. He graduated from the Academy with a gold medal. Despite the fact that his father enabled him to take drawing classes, he didn't favor that vocation for his child. Rather, he sent Emile as a cook's understudy to France.
The inclination to paint did not wane and Emile composed a letter for help to the popular performer Peter Benoit, who lives in nearby and was a guest of the family. Only with some effort, Peter Benoit figured out how to persuade his father to enable his child to study at the Antwerp Academy of Fine Arts.
In 1883 Emil Claus moved to a small cottage in Zonneschijn, where he stayed until his death. From his parlor, he delighted in an excellent view over the waterway Lys. Artistically, Emile Claus soon succeeded. He traveled around the world to attend exhibitions of his work.
An important person in the life of Emile Claus was the painter Jenny Montigny. She took master classes at his studio in Astene and for years traveled back and forth between Ghent and Astene to see him. In spite of the fact that Claus was 26 years her senior, they started a relationship that would last for the rest of his life although he got married to another woman, Charlotte Dufaux in 1886.
The First World War interfered with Claus’ success, he fled to London but he returned after the war in 1918, and with the beginning of Expressionism, Claus discovered his acclaim reduced.
In 1921, he had his last exhibition, where particularly his London artworks about the city and the Thames River made a big impression on the public.
Invigorated by his friend, the author Camille Lemonnier, and influenced by the French Impressionists, like Claude Monet whose works he became acquainted with amid his excursions to Paris in the 1890s, Emile Claus moved from naturalistic realism to an individual style of Impressionism called 'Luminism'. His paintings The Beet Harvest and The Ice Birds speak to essential defining moments in this development.
Art Movement: Luminism
Artists Influencing Emil Claus: Jacob Jacobs, Claude Monet
He Traveled To France, Algeria, England
Artist's Biography compiled by Albert L. Mansour at The World's Artist, with text adapted from Wikipedia.