Edward Willis Redfield USA
12-18-1869 Bridgeville, USA - 10-19-1965 Center Bridge, USABack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
Edward Willis Redfield showed artistic talent at an early age, and from 1887 to 1889 studied painting at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia. His teachers at the Academy included Thomas Anshutz, James Kelly and Thomas Hovenden. While at the Academy, Redfield met Robert Henri, who was later to become an important American painter and teacher, and the two became lifelong friends.
Edward Willis Redfield with Robert Henri, later traveled to France and studied at the Académie Julian and the École des Beaux-Arts. At both French art academies, he studied with William Adolphe Bouguereau, one of the leading and best-known French academic painters. In Europe, Redfield admired the work of impressionist painters Claude Monet, Camille Pissarro, and Norwegian Fritz Thaulow. In France he met Elise Deligant, the daughter of an innkeeper, and the two married in 1893.
Redfield and his wife returned to America and settled near New Hope in 1898. His art was seen as totally American, not copying the style of the French Impressionists as earlier American Impressionists, such as Childe Hassam had done.
The impressionist landscapes of Edward Willis Redfield are noted for their bold application of paint and vibrant color. Redfield painted en plein air, directly from nature rather than in a studio. He became regarded as the leading 20th century American painter of winter, winning more awards than any other American painter, with the exception of John Singer Sargent.
The influence of Vincent Van Gogh's spring scenes which Van Gogh painted in Arles, is fairly evident, as Van Gogh also used a fairly thick impasto but never as thick as Redfield's. However, dating the painting is somewhat problematic. "Road to the River" was one of Edward Willis Redfield's favorite titles, and he used it for at least four other paintings depicting different seasons and locales, especially during the 1920s. Although during his lifetime, Redfield was acclaimed primarily for his winter landscapes, the spring scenes are among his most prized paintings today.
In later years, Edward Willis Redfield became dissatisfied early work. In 1947 he burned a large number of his early and/or damaged paintings that he considered sub-standard. He stopped painting in 1953.
Art Movement: Impressionism
Influences: Thomas Anshutz, Thomas Hovenden, Robert Henri, William Adolphe Bouguereau