Charles Joshua Chaplin France
6-8-1825 Eure, FRA – 1-30-1891 Paris, FRABack to Artist IndexView Artists Paintings
Charles Joshua Chaplin studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1840, and he took private lessons in the studio of Michel Martin Drolling, whose apprentices included Paul Baudry, Jules Breton and Jean-Jacques Henner.
In 1845 he entered the Salon de Paris, the official art exhibition of the Académie des Beaux-Arts, as a portrait and landscape painter with the painting Portrait of the Artist's Mother. Charles Joshua Chaplin conducted art classes specifically for women at his studio. The American artist Mary Cassatt, the French artist Louise Abbéma and the English artist Louise Jopling were among Chaplin's students.
Charles Joshua Chaplin made his debut at the Salon with portraits, but he also painted landscapes, particularly the countryside of Auvergne. His early works, from 1848 to 1851, were painted in a more realistic style, and are characterized by an interest in realism, which was a style that had been reestablished in France by the French Second Republic. Realism was an artistic movement that began in France in the 1850s, after the 1848 Revolution. From the late 18th century Romanticism dominated French art and literature but was spurned by Realists, who revolted against the display of the emotions of the Romantic movement, seeking to depict real and characteristic contemporary individuals and situations with truth and accuracy.
Gradually the muddy colours used by Charles Joshua Chaplin transformed into white, grey and pink, depicting his models with an opalescent, mother-of-pearl complexion by applying a subtle palette of rosy flesh tones and light greys. Chaplin took up genre painting in the 1850s. His favourite subjects are the feminine grace of a young woman’s everyday life.
Empress Eugénie, the wife of Napoleon III and an admirer of the "Pompadour style", rapidly fell under the enchantment of the painter's neo-Rococo works. Chaplin was among Napoleon III and Empress Eugénie’s favourite court artists.
His sensual portraits of women and young girls, often with models posed erotically in hazy surroundings and frequently wearing transparent clothing, attracted the interest of the high society and aristocracy of Paris, guaranteeing his success and wealth. Charles Joshua Chaplin was one of the most popular painters of his time, but nowadays his work is almost unknown, in spite of the fact that his works hang in many major museums around the world.
Art Movement: Academic
Influences: Michel Martin Drolling, Joshua Reynolds, Thomas Gainsborough
Influenced: Mary Cassatt, Louise Abbéma, Loise Jopling