Charles Gleyre Switzerland

5-2-1806 Chevilly, FRA – 5-5-1874 Paris, FRA

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Gleyre, Charles

Charles Gleyre took over the studio of Paul Delaroche in 1843 and taught a number of younger artists who became prominent, including Claude Monet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Alfred Sisley, James Abbott McNeill Whistler and Louis-Frederic Schützenberger.
 
He began his formal artistic education in Lyon under Bonnefond, before moving to Paris, where he enrolled at the École des Beaux-Art under Hersent. He also attended the Academie Suisse and studied watercolor technique in the studio of Richard Parkes Bonington. He then went to Italy, where he became acquainted with Horace Vernet and Louis Léopold Robert.

It was through Vernet's recommendation that Charles Gleyre was chosen by the American traveler John Lowell Jr. to accompany him on his journeys round the eastern Mediterranean, recording the scenes and ethnographic subjects they met with. They left Italy in spring 1834 and visited Greece, Turkey and Egypt, where they remained together until November 1835, when Lowell left for India. Charles Gleyre continued his travels around Egypt and Syria, not returning to France until 1838. He returned to Lyons in shattered health, having been attacked with inflammation of the eye, in Cairo, and struck down by fever in Lebanon.

On his recovery he proceeded to Paris, and, establishing a modest studio and began carefully to work out the ideas which had been slowly shaping themselves in his mind. The painting by which he practically opened his artistic career was the Apocalyptic Vision of St John, sent to the Salon of 1840.

In spite of the success of these first ventures, Charles Gleyre retired from public competition, and spent the rest of his life in quiet devotion to his artistic ideals, neither seeking the easy applause of the crowd, nor turning his art into a means of aggrandizement and wealth.
 
Charles Gleyre students included Jean-Léon Gérôme, Jean-Louis Hamon, Auguste Toulmouche, Whistler and several of the Impressionists: Monet, Renoir, Sisley, and Bazille. He did not charge his students a fee, although he expected them to contribute towards the rent and the payment of models.
 
Art Movement: Neoclassicm
Influences: Paul Delaroche
Traveled: France, Italy, Greece, Turkey, Egypt, Syria, Lebanon
Influenced: Claude Monet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Alfred Sisley, James Whistler, Jean-Léon Gérôme
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